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★Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python


MIT OpenCourseWare, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python

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6.0001 is intended to teach basic programming concepts to students with no prior coding experience. ( Dboybaker , licensed CC-BY-NC-SA)

Instructor(s)

MIT Course Number

6.0001

As Taught In

Fall 2016

Level

Undergraduate


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This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left.

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No enrollment or registration. Freely browse and use OCW materials at your own pace. There’s no signup, and no start or end dates.

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Course Description

Course Features

  • Video lectures
  • Captions/transcript
  • Interactive assessments
  • Lecture notes
  • Assignments: problem sets (no solutions)
  • Assignments: programming with examples

Course Description

6.0001 Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python is intended for students with little or no programming experience. It aims to provide students with an understanding of the role computation can play in solving problems and to help students, regardless of their major, feel justifiably confident of their ability to write small programs that allow them to accomplish useful goals. The class uses the Python 3.5 programming language.

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  • Introductory Programming Courses

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  • Computer Science
  • Computer Science > Algorithms and Data Structures
  • Computer Science > Programming Languages

Ana Bell, Eric Grimson, and John Guttag. 6.0001 Introduction to Computer Science and Programming in Python. Fall 2016. Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare, https://ocw.mit.edu . License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA .

For more information about using these materials and the Creative Commons license, see our Terms of Use .

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MIT puts free programming course online

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MIT puts free programming course online


It’s all free, including lecture notes and videos. Just the thing for those rainy weekends.

If you’ve never written or debugged a program, here’s an opportunity – MIT has a free introduction to programming on its web site.

There’s a lot of these free courses floating around online – we recently pointed out that MIT has more than 2,000 online . You don’t get an MIT degree, but they might fit the bill if you’re the type that values having some knowledge under your belt.

Fortunately there’s "little or no" programming experience required for this one. The goal: write "small programs". Python is the weapon of choice.

According to the MIT syllabus, the course includes:

  • the process of writing and debugging a program
  • learning a basic set of "recipes"—algorithms
  • straight line, branching, and looping programs
  • algorithmic techniques
  • how to structure programs using decomposition and abstraction

More than a few weekends in there.

Also read: Learn electronics online for free

Copyright © PC & Tech Authority . All rights reserved.
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Science

How Much Can You Really Learn With a Free Online Education?

The world’s most prestigious universities have begun posting entire curricula on the Web—for free. Is there such a thing as a free higher-education lunch? I enrolled to find out

By Josh Dean

posted Sep 1st, 2009 at 11:40am

Domo Schola / Doctrina Gratis

Jon Valk

I was not screwing around. When I took the first physics class of my life, at age 35, it was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and my professor was Walter Lewin, one of that institution’s most respected instructors. Lewin is a man so comfortable with his vectors that he diagrams them in front of a classroom audience while wearing Teva sandals.

OK, I wasn’t really “at” MIT. And “took” the class may be a stretch. I was watching the video of one of Lewin’s lectures from the comfort of my backyard in Brooklyn, and I too was wearing sandals (but not Tevas; I have standards).

Lewin is the breakout star of MIT’s OpenCourseWare (OCW) program, what the school calls a “Web publication” of virtually every class taught in its hallowed halls. For his dynamic teaching and frequent stunts (building a human pendulum, firing golf balls at glass panels), he’s been downloaded by physics enthusiasts around the globe and profiled on the front page of the New York Times as the first luminary of online open learning. The professor’s fans are examples of a new type of student participating in a new kind of education, one built around the vast library of free online courseware offered by many of the world’s temples of higher learning, as well as museums, nonprofit organizations and other knowledgeable benevolents.

Why would someone who’s not paying $38,000 or getting a single credit subject themselves to the rigors of an MIT course? For one thing, OCW offers elite teaching on demand. College students at lesser schools can use a teacher like Lewin to stretch themselves (32 percent of MIT’s OCW users are enrolled at another college). A high-school physics teacher might tune in to brush up on the laws of thermodynamics — or become a better teacher by studying different methods of instruction. An engineer can beef up by taking tests from the advanced-level classes to identify stuff he ought to know but doesn’t and then dive into course notes to learn them.

And then there’s the just plain curious, a category that would include me. I wondered: What’s an MIT course like, anyway? Could I, more than a decade out of school, hang with those young brainiacs? To find out, I dusted off my three-ring binder and re-enrolled in school part-time from the comfort of my couch, drawing not just from MIT but from the many free sources online. Mimicking a typical course load, I would take a science course and a language course, attempt to cram in a computer-programming course, and watch as many miscellaneous lectures as I could stand. I wanted to see if I, in a month, operating as an adult balancing a semi-regular schedule and lots of other obligations, could actually learn something.

MIT for Free

The idea behind MIT’s OpenCourseWare program was born in 2000 on the recommendation of a faculty committee convened to answer two questions: How is the Internet going to change education? And what is MIT going to do about it?

Steve Carson, a spokesman for OCW, which is now a full entity within MIT with a $3.6-million budget, told me that the group was expected to recommend a for-profit distance-learning program. Once they started thinking hard about such a model, however, it didn’t make sense.

The problem is that MIT is, by its very nature, an exclusive institution, which accepts a mere 12 percent of its applicants and charges a small fortune for the privilege of attending. To put a scaled-back version of that online, available to a much larger audience, and still award credit would potentially devalue the existing university. Instead, they decided to do the opposite: put everything out there for free, but with no offer of credit or a degree. It would cost a lot of money, sure, but it would be great for the school’s image, and it would be a tremendous resource for actual MIT students — as Carson puts it, a “souped-up Wikipedia” for the MIT community to use. In the meantime, it would give the whole world the opportunity to sample an MIT education. Shigeru Miyagawa, a professor of Japanese and linguistics at MIT, was one of the key members of that committee. He speaks of the program with uncut idealism. “Why are we doing this?” he says. “We’re doing this because of the belief that knowledge, when you share it, expands.”

Mathematics on the Refrigerator

Jon Valk

Boy does it. OCW went live as a pilot program in 2002 with 50 courses. Five years later, MIT celebrated the publishing of its 1,800th course, and today more than 250 schools around the world have similar programs — many participating through the OCW Consortium, set up by MIT to help other schools follow its example. MIT estimates that 56 million people have accessed its courses alone, either directly from OCW or from its six translation sites. The 200-plus members of the OCW Consortium saw 15.7 million visits in the first quarter of this year alone. Apple created iTunes U to distribute classes in audio and video. YouTube has a channel called YouTube EDU.

And there’s much more beyond MIT — sites like Academic Earth (a clearinghouse for lectures from scholars and intellectuals), Google Code University, and thousands of free or for-profit sites teaching everything from Swedish to how to build and service solar cells. It’s a rich, burbling, overwhelming world. You could easily tumble down this rabbit hole and emerge weeks later, bearded, bleary-eyed and the most annoying party guest of all time. Or you could find that you’re not as smart as you thought you were.

Reality Check

“In physics we explore the very small to the very large,” Lewin said. He stood in front of the class in pleated khaki cargo pants and a blousy blue oxford and spoke with the sort of vague, undefined European accent that would make him an excellent foil for James Bond. (He turns out to be Dutch.) Lewin dismissed the American system of measure as “extremely uncivilized” and said his class would be based on the metric system. Then he rolled the film “Powers of 10,” at which point my screen went black and a note indicated that copyright prevented the film from being included.

Day one, and I’d already stumbled on an important limitation of the OCW experience. MIT (or any school) doesn’t have the right to give away copyrighted materials such as films or textbooks used in class. In the case of the former, it’s often not much of an issue; I just went to YouTube and dialed up the slightly dated (and moderately psychedelic) 1977 film made by Ray and Charles Eames to depict the relative size of things in the universe. But when it comes to books, it’s a stumbling block.

I was operating under the misguided notion that I could survive this experiment using only what was completely free, so I chose not to click the amazon.com link to order the textbook. That turned out to be a major problem. It quickly became clear that I was not equipped with the same foundational basis in math or physics that the students in this first-semester freshman physics course were, and without the supplemental text, I had no additional tool for decoding Lewin’s scribbles. Obviously, I couldn’t ask a question, either.

I stuck with it, for a while. In a week, I watched three of Lewin’s 50-minute lectures and understood almost none of them. The stunts for which he’s become famous are undeniably entertaining — I think it’s fair to call this prop-wielding genius the Gallagher of science — but at the end of each hour I’d look down at my scrawls and realize they were useless to me. They looked like hieroglyphics.

I got that long-dormant lost-in-class feeling that triggers notebook doodles and clock watching, and I started to dread “going.” And so, in a departure lounge at Miami International Airport, around the time Lewin said, “We now come to a much more difficult part, and that is multiplication of vectors,” I decided to drop the class.

Thank God for Flash Cards

The guilt I felt over my failure to absorb higher math was soon offset by two things. First, I realized that unlike in college, there was no consequence or embarrassment to dropping the class. No walk of shame to the registrar’s office, and it’s not as if Lewin would miss me. Two, I was getting more bilingual by the day.

After hunting for the perfect online language course, I’d settled on a Romanian class from BYKI (Before You Know It), a for-profit site with a broad selection of free options, including a boiled-down version of its software that enables you to study vocabulary and basic grammar using a program of downloadable pop-up flash cards. The idea is to hook you and hope you’ll pay up to $70 for the full version, but what’s free is substantial; plenty, it seemed, to crash-prepare for a trip. I wasn’t actually going to Romania, I was simply curious about the tongue that I’d recently learned is the fifth Romance language. In fact, I happened to have a trip scheduled to a place where Romanian would do me no good at all: Ecuador.

On day five, lying on the musty sheets of a hotel bed in Quito, I learned to count from one to 10 in Romanian in less than half an hour using the program’s highly intuitive card system. It starts by having you read and repeat the words in English and Romanian and then has you type the translation both ways. It’s self-correcting, and when you miss a word, that word is given higher priority and appears more often until you’ve proven that you’ve learned it. It works. By the time I headed out for the night, I could transcribe a phone number in Romanian.

Romanian on Refrigerator

Jon Valk

It turns out that this kind of itinerant self-schooling is pretty common. MIT says 61 percent of OCW users live outside the U.S. (the largest block is in East Asia, with 22 percent). Steve Carson shared case studies with me featuring students, educators and self-learners from Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Nigeria and St. Lucia.

Take the story of two Bostonians, Ann Nguyen and Alison Cole. Recent college grads (Nguyen from the University of Massachusetts — Amherst, Cole from Scotland’s Edinburgh Napier University), the two decamped this summer to India, where they plan to live cheaply for a few years while attempting a bold experiment. Nguyen and Cole saw in OCW’s freely available teachings the material for an “alternative grad school” of their own design. Theirs is the ultimate study-abroad program — self-imposed graduate-level distance learning conducted from a far-flung location that also happens to have plenty of opportunities for hands-on work related to the subject of study, environmental engineering. Cole told me that she’s not sure how well it will work but that the two want to answer a number of questions, foremost among them: Can a person conduct work with high academic integrity outside the auspices of an institution?

“I’m an academic at heart,” Cole says. “But the realization that continuing my education would only further my debt and reduce my ability to afford life and a family really bummed me out.” She and Nguyen are using the syllabi from MIT OCW’s courses in ground hydrology, soil behavior and aquatic chemistry to construct a program that will study arid-land restoration, a subject that has practical applications in India and will also be relevant out there in job-land when it comes time to move back. (How employers will feel about this self-governed education remains to be seen.)

Although Cole and Nguyen appear to be the first to attempt to use OCW as the basis for a full-blown graduate program, they’re hardly the only hardcore autodidacts. Consider “Deevani,” who e-mailed me one afternoon in response to a call for satisfied OCW students. Deevani turned out to be A. Ines Rooney, a 34-year-old music-industry executive who moonlights as a songwriter specializing in the Latin-inspired hip-hop known as reggaeton. Rooney is self-taught in 12 languages, including Urdu, Bengali and Mandarin, and spends whatever spare time she has after producing and recording records (and raising her children) to devour OCW language, culture, literature, economics and finance classes — some 80 of them so far, she estimates. “I think I have a Ph.D. right now,” she says, half-kidding. “I just don’t have the credit.”

Rooney is right. You’ll never earn a degree from your self-imposed studies. As Carson points out, no amalgam of text and video, no matter who builds it, will ever be a substitute for an actual MIT education. (Or an education from Carnegie Mellon, or Notre Dame, or anywhere else.) You can’t actually use the labs or interact with faculty, who are the real draw of a college.

Like any open-source program, however, free Internet education is evolving. “There are Yahoo groups that have formed around MIT content,” Carson says. “If [independent learners] don’t need certification but need content, they can go to OpenCourseWare and form a group.”

(Sort of) Living Up to My Potential

I could have used a support group. The second week of my experiment, a little shell-shocked by my failure in physics, I listened to three MIT biology lectures. It didn’t stick. Next I sought out something science-y that was both easier to handle and more practical. I opted for a seminar taught by the chemist Patricia Christie, a lecturer in MIT’s Experiment Study Group. “Cooking,” read the course description for Kitchen Chemistry, “may be the oldest and most widespread application of chemistry, and recipes may be the oldest practical result of chemical research.” It sounded perfect until I hit a snag: There were no video or audio lectures.

Dot Matrix Diploma

Jon Valk, Printer: iStock

I wrote to Carson in a panic, and he broke the news to me. Only 79 of the OCW courses come with video lectures (another 22 come with audio). The program was intended as a print-based initiative; whether to add video was the professor’s call. In essence, mine would be a lab class without the labs. I bit into the curriculum anyway. The class on bread obliged me to investigate the science of yeast, thought to be the oldest industrial biological agent. My curiosity piqued, I spent an entire afternoon bouncing around the Web reading about baking science.

Yeast cells coming to life are biochemistry in action. I tested the process by making a yeast air balloon, just like the students in the real class. I mixed yeast, sugar and water in a bottle and watched as the carbon dioxide given off inflated a balloon affixed to the neck. It was amateur science, sure, but it was science. And in the end I got something useful: some challah that my girlfriend, an aficionado of toast, declared the best bread she’d had all year. I began to look forward to each kitchen chemistry “class,” and by the last week of my experiment I had made my pancakes fluffier, attempted my first stew and my first pie, understood for the first time how baking soda works, and learned what an emulsion is. I even made a soft, lemony cheese. In the kitchen, at least, I was an improved person thanks to self-directed study.

Romanian was also proving a success. By the final week of my month-long experiment, I could meet and greet people in a Bucharest of my imagination, bargain a cabbie from 10 lei to 5 (though if he argued, I’d be stuck), and identify 16 different animals, including an eagle (the word, oddly enough, is vultur).

My foray into computer science, on the other hand, was only moderately better than the physics debacle. I started with the grand ambition of building an iPhone app, but the online Stanford University course I was considering required you to possess “C language and programming experience at the level of 106B or X.” I had no idea what these things meant, so I changed my mind. After spending two weeks of my “term” shopping for a new course (hey, no registration deadline here), I settled on trying to learn an old, elementary programming language called Logo. As one Logo site declared: So simple a child can do it!

Or me. A message board led me to a Logo class built by a generous British man. I downloaded the simple software and in minutes had mastered the first tutorial, which involved learning to direct a small turtle around the screen using simple commands. I could make squares, triangles and combinations of the two. I could also use Logo to complete equations both simple (addition) and more complex (trigonometric functions). A few tutorials later, I was making the program speak. It wasn’t long, though, before terms like “data types and values” and “flow control” crept into the syllabus and I felt myself falling behind, wishing I could raise my hand and ask someone to explain it to me. By the second or third lesson I was getting the dreads, and for days after I avoided it entirely, procrastinating by any means necessary, including Romanian.

My failure to keep up with even basic science courses told me something I already knew, which is that I’m a writer, not a scientist or programmer. And that leads me to the first of a few Free Online School Rules I’d learned by the end of my experiment:

1. You get what you pay for. “Free” means no asking questions in the middle of class, which can be a dealbreaker with a subject as potentially confusing as physics.
2. That said, it might help if you actually buy the textbook.
3. Free online learning is not going to teach you anything substantial overnight, or in a week (unless you are Rain Man, in which case you’re just memorizing anyway). Plan to do a whole course.
4. There are few things better than hot bread made with your own two hands, especially when you understand the science of why it’s so delicious.
5. We are at the beginning of this experiment, not the end.

“You know where we’re heading with this,” says Shigeru Miyagawa, who believes that OCW has enriched current students and faculty, enhanced MIT’s reputation as an institution at the forefront of innovation, and provided an invaluable opportunity to show off its smarts to those prospective geniuses that top schools fight for. “You can already see it. You” — here he means an institution — “can’t afford not to do OCW. I foresee that in five years, all major institutions will be opening courses to let the world see what they do. It’s a no-brainer, right?”

On the next page, our guide to the best places to learn on the web.

Who has time to search the web when there’s so much learning to be done? So we’ve put together a list of our favorite 10 free online resources here. The first lesson is that, if you can think of the topic, chances are you can find a course on it at one of these sites.

Learn from the Best: Many of the nation’s top schools have opened up online annexes

1. MIT OpenCourseWare
Its list of 1,900 courses includes Weight Training and Playwriting. But the majority of “students” visit the oldest open courseware program for the subjects that made the Institute so renowned: physics, math and electronics.

2. University of Berkeley
It’s no surprise that the top-ranked public university offers a few dozen online audio and video lectures each semester. And live videos from special campus events, like the Dalai Lama talking about peace through compassion, could make you feel like you’re in the middle of college life.

3. Johns Hopkins School of Public Health OpenCourseWare
If you’re interested in a softer side of science, you can find written, video and audio lectures on public health topics ranging from sexual health to the fundamentals of human nutrition.

Extracurriculars: Round out your education

4. Google Code U
Becoming a master of your own domain, speaking C++, and hackproofing your data are all possible at Google Code U. And if you feel inspired to give back to the community that teaches you all that computer science, you’re in luck. The site accepts appropriate course content from its users.

5. Hewlett-Packard Learning Center
Brush up on basic computer skills like Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint, as well as life skills such as business etiquette, from the technology giant Hewlett-Packard. You can even opt to receive a degree to hang on the wall once you completed your course.

6. BYKI
“You know,” “generally speaking,” “in order to” learn a foreign language, you have to memorize the most common phrases and words. Or so goes the mantra of this online language resource that promises to have you speaking one of over 70 different languages “before you know it.”

7. Digital Photography School
The site offers tutorials and tips for digital photographers of all levels.

Cast the Net Wide: A trio of lecture aggregators

8. Academic Earth
Perusing video lectures from different universities on Academic Earth is so smooth and seamless that you will have plenty of brain cells left over for learning.

9. YouTube EDU
In the same familiar format used for scanning screenshots of fluffy kitty videos, YouTube aggregates video content from different learning centers.

10. iTunes U
Use your iPhone or iPod touch for a higher purpose than tweeting with iTunes U. The application brings a list of the most popular lectures from different universities and cultural institutions to your fingertips.


Tags:

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  • MIT
  • youtube
  • education
  • iphones
  • September 2009
  • Science

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Beginner series are most approachable for those who have little or no exposure to yoga. These series typically offer more modifications and detailed instructions on fundamental poses.

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Intermediate series tend to be more detailed tutorials on how to achieve more challenging asanas and end-goal poses. These classes help build strength and body awareness by exploring transitions, trying inversions, and mastering breath and movement.

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Advanced classes are the perfect opportunity to explore your potential beyond what is found in typical in-studio classes. You’ll find your edge while exploring a greater level of strength, control, and skill work.

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Beginner

Beginner series are most approachable for those who have little or no exposure to yoga. These series typically offer more modifications and detailed instructions on fundamental poses.

These series are perfect for someone who is looking to start a yoga practice and explore the benefits of yoga. These classes can help you to learn the basics of starting a practice, foundational poses, understanding breathwork, and learning to focus on the moment every time you come to the mat.

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Moderate

Moderate classes may include moderate pose modifications and less instruction than found in Beginner classes.

These series are perfect for someone who has previous exposure to yoga, whether at home or in a studio setting, and has a basic understanding of foundational poses and class structure. They are the perfect opportunity to grow your practice, maintain consistency, and enjoy classes designed to grow your pose library and increase your strength.

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Intermediate

Intermediate series tend to be more detailed tutorials on how to achieve more challenging asanas and end-goal poses. These classes help build strength and body awareness by exploring transitions, trying inversions, and mastering breath and movement.

These series are perfect for someone who has a consistent yoga practice and has established confidence in poses, progressions, and general yoga knowledge. They help students express creativity and find freedom in exploring flows and movement. There is less cueing than in Beginner or Moderate content.

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Advanced

Advanced classes are the perfect opportunity to explore your potential beyond what is found in typical in-studio classes. You’ll find your edge while exploring a greater level of strength, control, and skill work.

These series are ideal for students who have high body awareness, are comfortable with most poses, and have confidence in their strength and breath work. These classes allow opportunities to practice inversions, floating, or advanced transitions.

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Intensity Levels

Intensity is not the same as difficulty; it refers to the amount of exertion that a workout requires.

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Level 1

This intensity level is ideal for students seeking slow-paced, restorative, or breath-focused content.
Students often leave their mat feeling relaxed and at-ease.

Created with Sketch.








Level 2

Series within this level vary from energizing flows to entry-level strength content.
They typically move at a slow-to-moderate pace. Students can expect to feel comfortably challenged and explore a wider
range of movement.

Created with Sketch.








Level 3

Get sweaty with flow and strength content designed to increase your breathing and challenge your limits.
Level 3 intensity classes will increase the pace of your movement and test your endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 4

Push your edge in classes designed to make you sweat. This intensity level moves at a fast pace to increase your heart rate and
accelerate your breathing. Work hard to discover untapped levels of strength and endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 1

This intensity level is ideal for students seeking slow-paced, restorative, or breath-focused content.
Students often leave their mat feeling relaxed and at-ease.

Created with Sketch.








Level 2

Series within this level vary from energizing flows to entry-level strength content.
They typically move at a slow-to-moderate pace. Students can expect to feel comfortably challenged and explore a wider
range of movement.

Created with Sketch.








Level 3

Get sweaty with flow and strength content designed to increase your breathing and challenge your limits.
Level 3 intensity classes will increase the pace of your movement and test your endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 4

Push your edge in classes designed to make you sweat. This intensity level moves at a fast pace to increase your heart rate and
accelerate your breathing. Work hard to discover untapped levels of strength and endurance.
Intensity Levels

Intensity is not the same as difficulty; it refers to the amount of exertion that a workout requires.

Created with Sketch.








Level 1

This intensity level is ideal for students seeking slow-paced, restorative, or breath-focused content.
Students often leave their mat feeling relaxed and at-ease.

Created with Sketch.








Level 2

Series within this level vary from energizing flows to entry-level strength content.
They typically move at a slow-to-moderate pace. Students can expect to feel comfortably challenged and explore a wider
range of movement.

Created with Sketch.








Level 3

Get sweaty with flow and strength content designed to increase your breathing and challenge your limits.
Level 3 intensity classes will increase the pace of your movement and test your endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 4

Push your edge in classes designed to make you sweat. This intensity level moves at a fast pace to increase your heart rate and
accelerate your breathing. Work hard to discover untapped levels of strength and endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 1

This intensity level is ideal for students seeking slow-paced, restorative, or breath-focused content.
Students often leave their mat feeling relaxed and at-ease.

Created with Sketch.








Level 2

Series within this level vary from energizing flows to entry-level strength content.
They typically move at a slow-to-moderate pace. Students can expect to feel comfortably challenged and explore a wider
range of movement.

Created with Sketch.








Level 3

Get sweaty with flow and strength content designed to increase your breathing and challenge your limits.
Level 3 intensity classes will increase the pace of your movement and test your endurance.

Created with Sketch.








Level 4

Push your edge in classes designed to make you sweat. This intensity level moves at a fast pace to increase your heart rate and
accelerate your breathing. Work hard to discover untapped levels of strength and endurance.

How This Fits Together

Each series lives at an intersection of Difficulty and Intensity. While one maybe Beginner and Intensity 4, another may be Advanced and Intensity 1. We have something for everyone in every mood.

Tap a square to explore all series at that intersection of Diffuculty & Intensity

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4

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Beginner

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Intensity 4
Explore all series

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Moderate

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Intensity 4
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Intermediate

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Intensity 4
Explore all series

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Advanced

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Intensity 4
Explore all series

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3

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Beginner

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Intensity 3
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Moderate

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Intensity 3
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Intermediate

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Intensity 3
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Advanced

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Intensity 3
Explore all series

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2

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Beginner

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Intensity 2
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Moderate

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Intensity 2
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Intermediate

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Intensity 2
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Advanced

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Intensity 2
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1

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Beginner

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Intensity 1
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Moderate

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Intensity 1
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Intermediate

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Intensity 1
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Advanced

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Intensity 1
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Beginner

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Advanced
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MacKenzie Miller's "Prenatal Yoga" Online Video Workouts on Alo Moves

Prenatal Yoga

MacKenzie Miller

Start Practicing
  • Overview
  • Classes
  • Community

What you get

  • Free 14 Day Trial
  • iPhone & Android
  • Download For Offline Use

About the Series

Care for your mental, emotional, and physical health during your pregnancy and beyond. This series is designed to empower and support your changing body with prenatal-specific yoga flows, meditations, lectures, and pranayama.

While many prenatal programs bypass the importance and power of the mind, this series embodies the whole journey of pregnancy. It speaks to the physical and physiological changes that occur and empowers you to feel confident while taking care of yourself during pregnancy. Modifications are provided for your practice as you evolve throughout your pregnancy journey.

It is so important to also tend to your mental wellbeing during your pregnancy. The included meditations will help you stay calm and grounded while on the rollercoaster of your pregnancy while providing you with time to connect to the being that is developing inside your belly.

This series includes:

• Two yoga flows filled with prenatal-specific modifications for each trimester.

• One strength training practice designed to maintain strength, stability, and power.

• Two lectures to inform and empower with information about the psychological, physiological, and cardiovascular changes that are taking place in your body.

• Four meditation practices that encourage centeredness during times of emotional, physical, and hormonal changes. It also allows for special quiet time with your growing baby.

• One pranayama practice to help harness the power of breath during labor and delivery.

• One myofascial release class to relieve physical discomfort and tension.

Both mind and body will reap the amazing benefits of exercise, movement, meditation, and self-care, helping to prepare you for the arrival of your bundle of joy.

Read More
Read Less

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Instructor


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Normal fa332be3 3fe0 4788 9ac3 fd71432eef44MacKenzie Miller

Work hard, find softness. MacKenzie Miller will leave you feeling as if you have flirted with gravity and laughed with the divine. Students are instantaneously transported away from the hustle of their daily lives, allowing their mat to be an arena reserved for cultivating inner peace.

MacKenzie is a certified personal trainer and yoga instructor. Her teaching combines thorough understanding of alignment and anatomy with the joy of balance and movement. She engages deeply with her students and her classes are thoughtfully sequenced, creating a safe space to have fun and explore, work hard yet find softness.

No aspect of the modern practice experience is left untouched. All will leave energized, grinning and humming at the end.

Total Run Time

5 hr 6 min


(12 Videos)

Difficulty

Created with Sketch.








Moderate

Intensity

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Intensity 2
Difficulty & Intensity Guide
Difficulty & Intensity Guide

What you get

  • Lifetime Access
  • Satisfaction Guarantee
  • iPhone Access

Classes

  • Movegrid

    1

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    Preview: Go With The Flow

    (15:03)

  • Movegrid

    2

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    Preview: Embracing The New You

    (10:24)

  • Movegrid

    3

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    How To Approach This Plan

    (3:06)

  • Movegrid

    4

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    Lecture: Changes During Pregnancy

    (19:05)

    This lecture discusses the many physical and hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. You will gain insight into how these changes impact your body and therefore, your…
  • Movegrid

    5

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    Lecture: How To Modify During Pregnancy

    (22:15)

    This lecture provides suggestions and recommendations applicable to your yoga practice or fitness routine by trimester, always remembering your body is your best guide.
  • Movegrid

    6

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    Meditation: I Trust My Body

    (18:20)

    Women’s bodies are miracle makers. This meditation helps strengthen the bond between you and your body. Building trust in its ability to communicate with you will help you …
  • Movegrid

    7

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    Meditation: Moving Through Fear

    (17:52)

    Fear is present at some point during pregnancy, whether it be about the process, the baby, or your ability as a mother. Instead of letting your fears run rampant, this medi…
  • Movegrid

    8

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    Meditation: Embracing The New You

    (18:33)

    In this meditation, we reflect on the emotional and physical changes that occur during pregnancy.
  • Movegrid

    9

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    Meditation: The Waves

    (18:40)

    This wave meditation will guide you through fluctuations of the mind and body. It comes in handy during labor when you are having contractions.
  • Movegrid

    10

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    Pranayama: The Power Of Breath

    (16:57)

    Pranayama practices are powerful coping tools, especially when life is stressful or chaotic. This pranayama practice will guide you through Nadi Shodhana, which is a breath…
  • Movegrid

    11

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    Restorative: Soft & Supported

    (30:32)

    Feel completely supported with gentle poses that create space and is doable throughout your whole pregnancy.
  • Movegrid

    12

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    Myofascial Release: Revive & Refresh

    (31:16)

    Nourish your fascia and release physical tension through this myofascial practice. This class can provide the physical release you desire without the negative side effects …
  • Movegrid

    13

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    Strength Training: I Am Powerful

    (36:27)

    Strength work helped me step into my physical power during pregnancy, and helped me realize how much strength comes from the mind. In the circuit training, we strengthen yo…
  • Movegrid

    14

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    Flow: Supple & Strong

    (38:45)

    This 30-minute flow is all about creating healthy mobility and strength around your hips. I provide variations throughout so you can adjust and modify to what feels best to…
  • Movegrid

    15

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    Flow: Go With The Flow

    (34:31)

    This simple flow allows you time to move and breathe in your body. We place emphasis on opening the upper body, specifically the chest and shoulders. Enjoy!

Start your free
14-day trial

Get unlimited access to thousands of videos on Alo Moves

Learn More

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Prenatal Yoga Master Class

ASW20 Applications

Health & fitness

Keeping in shape whilst pregnant is so important and will make getting back in shape after the birth so much easier. Yoga is being used by more and more women to do just that.

This collection of 177 prenatal yoga and pilates exercise tuitional videos will hopefully give you plenty on inspiration to stay in shape. Many if not all of the workouts can be carried out in the comfort of your own home.

App features:
** Edit the video title, subtitle and keep your own set of user notes.
** Move the video around it's group and even change it's group.
** Make videos your favourites and give them your own rating
** Search by title or notes
** View by favourites or rating
** View by history the last ten played or visited videos

Videos include:
Prenatal Yoga Routine Lara Dutta
Prenatal Yoga 1 – 25 min version
Heidi Kristoffers Prenatal Yoga Flow Part 1
Prenatal Yoga Flow 2 Shoulders and Arms With Heidi
Prenatal Yoga With Heidi Legs and Butt
The Absolute Best Yoga Move To Do During Pregnancy
Beginner Prenatal Yoga Baby Mama Yoga 1 – BEXLIFE
Prenatal Yoga Love Your Unborn Baby In The Womb 15 Minute Pregnant Yoga Routine Part 1
Prenatal Yoga Exercise with Debra Geymayr
PreNatal Yoga for Beginners 29 minute Yoga Class
Pregnancy Yoga – Main Routine
Shiva Rea Mama and Baby Yoga Yoga Gaiam
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta Routine
Denise Austin 3rd Trimester Toning Pregnancy Workout
Third Trimester Pregnancy Exercises Beautiful Belly Healthy Pregnancy Workout
40 Weeks of Fitness Prenatal Workout Series with Lauren Huber Griffith Full Video
Prenatal Yoga with Summer Huntington
Free Yoga Class Prenatal yoga class online with Lesley Fightmaster Pregnancy Yoga
prenatal yoga – pregnancy yoga for birth
30 Minute Intermediate Advanced Prenatal Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga – Strength Stability
Pregnancy Yoga – Energising Flow
Pregnancy Yoga – Vinyasa Flow
Pregnancy Yoga Birth Preparation
Pregnancy Yoga – Embrace Change
Pregnancy Yoga is back
Pregnancy Yoga – 5 Key Modifications
Labour Oriented Endurance Exercises – Keep-ups
Lara Dutta Meditation Yoga
Har Har Meditation
Pregnancy Exercises – Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga – Warm up routine
Method PreNatal Yoga 2-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 4-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 5-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 3-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 1-5
Pregnancy Exercise – Warm Up
Pregnancy Exercises – shoulders and obliques
Prenatal Yoga Routine Gift Of Life 1st Trimester
Prenatal Vinyasa Yoga for Flow and Hip Opening
Happy Pregnancy Workout Exercises for 1st 2nd Trimester
20-Minute Gentle Prenatal Yoga Class Yoga w OneUrbanYogini
Pregnancy Yoga How to Workout Stretches For Pregnant Women by Jen Hilman
Leg and Butt Workout Prenatal Fitness Class FitSugar
Pregnancy Workout 1st 2nd Trimester Toning- Denise Austin
Denise Austin Prenatal Cardio Workout- Fit Firm Pregnancy
Prenatal Stretching and Strengthening Workout Wellness Today
Prenatal Safe Stretch Routine Relief for insomnia restless leg syndrome sciatica more
Prenatal Cardio Dance Workout for a Fit Pregnancy KeairaLaShae
Yoga for the second trimester
Heidi Klum Prenatal Workout Andrea Orbeck Fitness Class FitSugar
All Levels Prenatal Yoga for Strength and Balance
Second Trimester Pre Natal Exercise Video
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Routine
Pregnancy Yoga with Esther Ekhart and Jess
Pregnancy Yoga with Esther Ekhart and Jess Part 2
Prenatal Pregnancy Yoga Exercise
Prenatal Yoga for Digestion
Prenatal yoga labor inducing yoga
Warrior Pregnancy Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga Ease Hip Pain and Discomfort in Lower Back
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Relevance and Benefits
Soham Meditation with Lara Dutta – Ajapa Japa
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Labour Oriented endurance exercisesKeep–ups
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Har Har Meditation
Third Trimester Prenatal Yoga 3rd Trimester Prenatal Yoga Garland Pose
Hatha Yoga for Joints ALL LEVELS Posture
Yoga for the Third Trimester
Antenatal Breathing and Relaxation for Labour

and many more

Entertainment Software Rating Board
EVERYONE

$2.99








Prenatal Yoga Master Class

Overview
System Requirements
Reviews
Related

Available on


PC


Mobile device


Hub

Description

Keeping in shape whilst pregnant is so important and will make getting back in shape after the birth so much easier. Yoga is being used by more and more women to do just that.

This collection of 177 prenatal yoga and pilates exercise tuitional videos will hopefully give you plenty on inspiration to stay in shape. Many if not all of the workouts can be carried out in the comfort of your own home.

App features:
** Edit the video title, subtitle and keep your own set of user notes.
** Move the video around it’s group and even change it’s group.
** Make videos your favourites and give them your own rating
** Search by title or notes
** View by favourites or rating
** View by history the last ten played or visited videos

Videos include:
Prenatal Yoga Routine Lara Dutta
Prenatal Yoga 1 – 25 min version
Heidi Kristoffers Prenatal Yoga Flow Part 1
Prenatal Yoga Flow 2 Shoulders and Arms With Heidi
Prenatal Yoga With Heidi Legs and Butt
The Absolute Best Yoga Move To Do During Pregnancy
Beginner Prenatal Yoga Baby Mama Yoga 1 – BEXLIFE
Prenatal Yoga Love Your Unborn Baby In The Womb 15 Minute Pregnant Yoga Routine Part 1
Prenatal Yoga Exercise with Debra Geymayr
PreNatal Yoga for Beginners 29 minute Yoga Class
Pregnancy Yoga – Main Routine
Shiva Rea Mama and Baby Yoga Yoga Gaiam
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta Routine
Denise Austin 3rd Trimester Toning Pregnancy Workout
Third Trimester Pregnancy Exercises Beautiful Belly Healthy Pregnancy Workout
40 Weeks of Fitness Prenatal Workout Series with Lauren Huber Griffith Full Video
Prenatal Yoga with Summer Huntington
Free Yoga Class Prenatal yoga class online with Lesley Fightmaster Pregnancy Yoga
prenatal yoga – pregnancy yoga for birth
30 Minute Intermediate Advanced Prenatal Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga – Strength Stability
Pregnancy Yoga – Energising Flow
Pregnancy Yoga – Vinyasa Flow
Pregnancy Yoga Birth Preparation
Pregnancy Yoga – Embrace Change
Pregnancy Yoga is back
Pregnancy Yoga – 5 Key Modifications
Labour Oriented Endurance Exercises – Keep-ups
Lara Dutta Meditation Yoga
Har Har Meditation
Pregnancy Exercises – Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga – Warm up routine
Method PreNatal Yoga 2-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 4-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 5-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 3-5
Method PreNatal Yoga 1-5
Pregnancy Exercise – Warm Up
Pregnancy Exercises – shoulders and obliques
Prenatal Yoga Routine Gift Of Life 1st Trimester
Prenatal Vinyasa Yoga for Flow and Hip Opening
Happy Pregnancy Workout Exercises for 1st 2nd Trimester
20-Minute Gentle Prenatal Yoga Class Yoga w OneUrbanYogini
Pregnancy Yoga How to Workout Stretches For Pregnant Women by Jen Hilman
Leg and Butt Workout Prenatal Fitness Class FitSugar
Pregnancy Workout 1st 2nd Trimester Toning- Denise Austin
Denise Austin Prenatal Cardio Workout- Fit Firm Pregnancy
Prenatal Stretching and Strengthening Workout Wellness Today
Prenatal Safe Stretch Routine Relief for insomnia restless leg syndrome sciatica more
Prenatal Cardio Dance Workout for a Fit Pregnancy KeairaLaShae
Yoga for the second trimester
Heidi Klum Prenatal Workout Andrea Orbeck Fitness Class FitSugar
All Levels Prenatal Yoga for Strength and Balance
Second Trimester Pre Natal Exercise Video
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Routine
Pregnancy Yoga with Esther Ekhart and Jess
Pregnancy Yoga with Esther Ekhart and Jess Part 2
Prenatal Pregnancy Yoga Exercise
Prenatal Yoga for Digestion
Prenatal yoga labor inducing yoga
Warrior Pregnancy Yoga
Pregnancy Yoga Ease Hip Pain and Discomfort in Lower Back
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Relevance and Benefits
Soham Meditation with Lara Dutta – Ajapa Japa
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Labour Oriented endurance exercisesKeep–ups
Prenatal Yoga with Lara Dutta – Har Har Meditation
Third Trimester Prenatal Yoga 3rd Trimester Prenatal Yoga Garland Pose
Hatha Yoga for Joints ALL LEVELS Posture
Yoga for the Third Trimester
Antenatal Breathing and Relaxation for Labour

and many more

Screenshots


  • Screenshot 1
  • Screenshot 2
  • Screenshot 3
  • Screenshot 4
  • Screenshot 5
  • Screenshot 6

Features

  • Use this app as a “Video Referencing Library” where you can come back for a refresher lesson or search for how to do something new.
  • Edit the video title, subtitle and keep your own set of user notes.
  • Move the video around it’s group and even change it’s group.
  • Make videos your favourites and give them your own rating
  • Search by title or notes
  • View by favourites or rating
  • View by history the last ten played or visited videos

Additional information

Published by


ASW20 Applications


Copyright


ASW20apps


Developed by


ASW20 Applications

Release date


10/10/2016

Approximate size


7.59 MB

Category


Health & fitness

This app can


Access your Internet connection


Permissions info

Installation


Get this app while signed in to your Microsoft account and install on up to ten Windows 10 devices.

Language supported


English (United States)


Publisher Info


Prenatal Yoga Master Class support


Additional terms


Terms of transaction


Seizure warnings


Photosensitive seizure warning


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Summer Session 2018 Offers Hundreds of Classes

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Summer Session 2018 Offers Hundreds of Classes

Summer Session 2018

Springtime is on the way, but we’re jumping a season ahead to Summer! More than 600 Summer Session classes will launch starting May 29.  You don’t have to be a CSUN student to take them. Anyone in the community can register for these academic-credit classes so long as they meet course requirements. Choose from three separate sessions: May 29-Aug. 21; May 29-July10; and July 11-Aug. 21. Whatever your field or interest, CSUN has a class for you. And with many courses offered online, you won’t have to come to campus to take them. Current CSUN students can make registration appointments March 20-26 for early registration March 27-April 3. Open registration for everyone starts April 4. New classes continue to get posted, so keep checking the schedule. It’s time to get a head start in your studies, wrap up a class for your major or try out a new field!

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    English & EAL

    How to structure a Language Analysis for two or more texts!

    Christine Liu

    April 5, 2016

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    Go ahead and tilt your mobile the right way (portrait). The kool kids don't use landscape…

    In your Language Analysis (or Analysing Argument) SAC, you will be required to analyse how language is used to persuade in three or more texts. While this may seem a bit daunting at first, it really isn’t much harder than a single text analysis once you know how to approach it. Of course, there are multiple ways to tackle this task, but here is just one possible method!

    Introduction:

    Begin with a sentence that briefly describes the incident that sparked the debate or the nature/context of the debate. Remember to use the background information already provided for you on the task book!

    Next, introduce the texts one at a time, including the main aspects for each (eg. title, writer, source, form, tone, contention and target audience). You want to show the examiner that you are comparing the articles, rather than analysing them separately. To do this, use appropriate linking words as you move onto your outline of each new text.

    Consider significant features for comparison, for example:

    • Is the tone/style the same?
    • Is there a different target audience?
    • How do their key persuasive strategies differ?

    You may choose to finish your introduction with a brief comment on any key difference or similarity.

    Sample introduction: The recent return to vinyls and decline in CD sales has sparked discussion about the merits of the two forms of recorded sound. In his feature article, For the Record, published in the monthly magazine Audioworld in June 2015, Robert Tan contends that vinyls, as the more traditional form, are preferable to CDs. He utilises a disparaging tone within his article to criticise CDs as less functional than vinyls. In response to Tan’s article, reader Julie Parker uses a condescending and mocking tone to lampoon Tan for his point of view, in a letter published in the same magazine one month later.

    Body paragraphs:

    Block structure

    Spend the first half of your essay focused on Article 1, then move into Article 2 for the second half of your essay (and, for those doing three articles, the later part of your essay based on Article 3). This structure is the most simple of all, and unfortunately does not offer you ample opportunity to delve into an insightful analysis. Hence, we would not recommend this structure for you. If possible, adopt the Bridge or Integrated structures discussed below.

    Bridge structure

    Analyse the first text, including any visuals that may accompany it. Students often spend too long on the first text and leave too little time to analyse the remaining texts in sufficient depth, so try to keep your analysis specific and concise! Remember to focus on the effects on the reader, rather than having a broad discussion of persuasive techniques.

    Linking is essential in body paragraphs! Begin your analysis of each new text with a linking sentence to enable a smooth transition and to provide a specific point of contrast. Continue to link the texts throughout your analysis, for example, you could compare:

    • The tone
    • The techniques of each writer and how these aim to position the reader in different ways.

    Often your second and/or third texts will be a direct response to the first, so you could pick up on how the author rebuts or agrees with the arguments of the first text.

    Integrated structure

    In this type of structure, you will analyse both articles in each body paragraph. Watch Lisa’s video above (coming soon) for a sample paragraph based on this structure.

    Conclusion:

    In Lisa’s video above, she suggested a short and sweet summary in your conclusion by incorporting some quotes from the author’s own conclusion. 

    Alternatively, you could opt for a different approach. In your conclusion, aim to focus on how each text differs from the others in terms of the main techniques used by the author, and more importantly, the effect of these techniques on the reader or audience. You should summarise the main similarities and differences of each text without indicating any personal bias (ie. you should not state whether one text might be more or less persuasive than another). For example, a point of comparison could be the audience appeal – will any particular audience group be particularly engaged or offended? Why?

    Finally, finish with a sentence suggesting a possible outlook for the issue. Good luck!

    By the way, did you know that our Ultimate VCE English Study Guide includes a more comprehensive review of structuring two or more articles on language analysis?

    Download a FREE sample chapter Ultimate VCE English Study Guide here !

    *This blog post was originally created by Christine Liu, with additions made by Lisa Tran to suit the new modifications in the English study design.

    Click here to check out FREE snippets from the course!

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    The directions below are representative of what students will encounter on test day.

    The essay gives you an opportunity to show how effectively you can read and comprehend a passage and write an essay analyzing the passage. In your essay, you should demonstrate that you have read the passage carefully, present a clear and logical analysis, and use language precisely.

    Your essay must be written on the lines provided in your answer booklet; except for the planning page of the answer booklet, you will receive no other paper on which to write. You will have enough space if you write on every line, avoid wide margins, and keep your handwriting to a reasonable size. Remember that people who are not familiar with your handwriting will read what you write. Try to write or print so that what you are writing is legible to those readers.

    You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet.

    1. Do not write your essay in this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated.
    2. An off-topic essay will not be evaluated.

    The student responses provided in the following set illustrate common score combinations earned on the redesigned SAT. Each response has received a separate score for each of the three domains assessed: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. The scores are presented in order by domain directly preceding each sample essay. Scores for the samples provided below were assigned on a 1-4 scale according to the redesigned SAT Essay Scoring Rubric. It is important to note that although these are representative samples of student ability at each score point, the set itself does not exhaustively illustrate the range of skills in Reading, Analysis, and Writing associated with each score point.

    Although all of the sample essays were handwritten by students, they are shown typed here for ease of reading. The essays have been typed exactly as each student wrote his or her essay, without corrections to spelling, punctuation, or paragraph breaks.

    Practice using sample essay 1.

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    ★Scottish Independence-Discursive Essay

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    Scottish Independence-Discursive Essay

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    Introduction

    Scottish Independence – Good or Bad Scotland is at a turning point. The 300-year old Union is some say no longer fit for purpose. Some say it was never designed for the 21st century world and it is well past it’s sell by date and is holding Scotland back. The Scottish people voted to move forward, with a new, more Scottish approach from an SNP government. But many oppose these views saying that Scotland needs the rest of the UK and that the economic and social problems caused by independence would be catastrophic to the relationships between Scotland and the rest of the UK. In any case the government has published a white paper setting out a vision of independence and responsibility in the modern world. But is this idea beneficial to our country? Is Scotland ready to go it alone? Is Scotland ready to break free from the shackles of the UK? Are the Scottish people ready for independence? In this essay I will explore our options and inevitably present the information needed to make your own conclusion on Scottish independence. There are strong arguments both for and against independence. The arguments for Scottish independence are described in the next few paragraphs. …read more.

    Middle

    With independence, Scotland could join this arc of prosperity. Scotland could pursue economic policies designed specifically for our circumstances, to give us a stronger economy, better public services and a fairer society. Furthermore and probably the SNP’s biggest drive for independence is through their old motto "It’s Scotland Oil". This motto refers to the oil in the North Sea and it is said that although 90% of the North Sea Oil comes from the Scottish Sector of the continental shelf the revenue created by the selling of this oil would not benefit Scotland while it remained as part of the United Kingdom. The Continental Shelf Act 1964 and the Continental Shelf (Jurisdiction) Order 1968 defines the UK North Sea maritime area to the north of latitude 55 degrees north as being under the jurisdiction of Scots Law meaning that 90% of the UK’s oil resources were under Scottish jurisdiction,therefore proving the SNP are correct in the claim that the North Sea Oil is in fact Scotland’s Oil. On the other hand there is a substantial amount of claims and information produced by the Labour Party that clearly shows Scotland would not be able to go it alone. Labour firstly argues that the division of the UK would lead to colossal problems. …read more.

    Conclusion

    Fourthly and finally for the against independence argument is that if Scotland was to gain independence form the UK, Northern Ireland and Wales may follow suit to gain the benefits that Scotland would becoming independent. This would lead the UK to become four divided nations with different Passports, possibly currency, rules, legislation and most importantly armies. The division of the UK would also take the power and prestige of the Queen’s position and discard it, as there would have to be different rulers for each country; this is hardly going to be accepted by the Monarchy supporters. In conclusion, there are strong cases both for and against Scotland gaining it’s independence from the rest of the United Kingdom, both sides have pros and cons but most importantly both sides of the argument have their supporters and at the end of the day that is what it will all come down to when a referendum inevitably is brought up. Scotland has its own parliament so why can’t they have full separation. The north seas oil in terms of longitude and latitude belongs to Scotland so it really needs independence to reap the benefits of the sought after fossil fuel. So with this information I have divulged to you make your own decision. Scottish independence. Yes Or No? Sources http://www.snp.org/independence http://www.scottishlabour.org.uk/home http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/actionnetwork/A17359158 http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/business/index.htm TV Program Holyrood Live Kieran Tennant Higher Essay …read more.

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        Diwali Mela (Full On Masti ) – 3rd November 2018

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        The FIRST SCHOOL IN THE COUNTRY to be certified with ISO 21001:2018 Standard

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      • Friday, August 24th, 2018

        Brilliant Internship Stints by Scottish High Students at SOs Children’s Villages of India

        An appreciation letter from the “SOs Children’s Villages of India” where Highlanders show a great effort and love for the deprived and homeless children. They raise the fund during their internship and take a lesson of  “social responsibility” towards the community.   Appreciation Letter:-1   To  Mrs. Sudha Goyal, School Director, Scottish High International School Gurugram. Respected Ma’am: I hope […]

      • Thursday, August 23rd, 2018

        Highlanders have secured the 1st position in various competitions held at the Goenkan COMCON 2018

        A proud moment for Scottish High as highlanders have secured the First Position in various competitions held at the Goenkan COMCON 2018. Karan, Ritwik, Ansh and Aryan won the Business Quiz. Samvit, Ashutosh, Sehar and Siddhraj won the Innovative Product Display. Dwij and Kaustab won the Video Making Competition

      • IC3 Fair & Symposium Registration
      • Monday, August 20th, 2018

        IC3 Fair  Symposium Registration 2018

        Register NOW…Make use of the presence of more than 50 universities from across the world and listen to eminent speakers talk on trendy career-related topics at SHIS on Monday, 27th August from 1-4 pm. List  of Participating Universities  

      • Independence Day Marathon - A Run For The Nation (1)
      • Friday, August 17th, 2018

        Independence Day Marathon – A Run For The Nation

          Scottish High leads fitness by example. Our Highlanders participated in “Freedom Run” organized at Gurgaon DLF 5 to celebrate the Independence Day spirit and commemorate the journey for the freedom

      • IB HEADS MEET - 2018 (1)
      • Friday, August 17th, 2018

        IB HEADS MEET – 2018

          

      • FDP Primary Wing (4)
      • Thursday, August 16th, 2018

        FDP – Primary Wing

      • Career Fair 2018 (3)
      • Thursday, August 16th, 2018

        Career Fair 2018 – For Grade IX to XII

         

      • Independence Day Celebration 2018 (9)
      • Tuesday, August 14th, 2018

        Independence Day Celebration 2018

      • Highlanders have brought laurels in Extravaganza
      • Tuesday, August 14th, 2018

        Highlanders have brought laurels in ‘Extravaganza’

        Highlanders have brought laurels in ‘Extravaganza’ organised by Frank Anthony Public School, New Delhi. Tanish Reddy and Riddhi Battu won the 1st position in ECOS. Aryaman Mittal and Ansh Sriwastav won the 2nd position in MATHMEET. Meghna Rajagopalan and Anish Gupta won the 2nd position in COMPFEST.

      • Green Warriors for planting Aravalli native species at Bundh (2)
      • Monday, August 13th, 2018

        Green Warriors for planting Aravalli native species at Bundh

        Highlanders came with the smiles on their faces in spite of the sultry weather. They enthusiastically plant the saplings. Around the 300 saplings of native species of trees/shrubs were planted.

      • A Delegate of Teachers from Japan visit SHIS (10)
      • Thursday, August 9th, 2018

        A Delegate of Teachers from Japan visit SHIS

        A proud moment for Highlanders as a team of educationists and teachers from Japan paid a visit to Scottish High International School. The delegates were taken through a detailed tour of the school and given a brief glimpse of life and tradition at Scottish High.

      • SHISMUN 2018 (8)
      • Tuesday, August 7th, 2018

        SHISMUN 2018

        The Highlanders assembled with delegates from different schools and contested over significant issues of a democratic setup and on various political point of views. For Full Full Gallery Click Here 

      • An Open House (For Session 2019-20)
      • Monday, August 6th, 2018

        An Open House (For Session 2019-20)

        Know more about the Multi curricula offered at Scottish High International School. Join us for an OPEN HOUSE – 18th AUGUST, SATURDAY at 11 AM to get answers to all your academic-related queries around the IB/IGCSE/ICSE curricula available in Scottish High International School. Venue: Scottish High International School Campus For any Query: – +91 9953849226 […]

      • Tree Plantation Drive by Highlanders (6)
      • Monday, July 30th, 2018

        Tree Plantation Drive by Highlanders

        On World Nature Conservation Day a ‘Tree Plantation Drive’ was organized by the students of Scottish High International School on 28th July 2018 at Government Primary School, Gurugram

      • Social Science Exhibition 18 (1)
      • Saturday, July 28th, 2018

        Social Science Exhibition ’18

        Scottish High always stands as the Flagbearer… Be it the academic front, social or the environment! Keeping this as central, the Highlanders stood up once again to voice their concern for the environment by putting up a spectacular exhibit ‘Climate Change- Know the change and be the change’.

      • Field trip to Apparel House (4)
      • Friday, July 27th, 2018

        Field trip to Apparel House

        Highlanders of grade V had a wonderful opportunity to gain hands-on experience by visiting Apparels House and delivered further into their inquiry on – fashion as a form of expression.

      • Library Week 2018 (4)
      • Wednesday, July 25th, 2018

        Library Week 2018

        Little Highlanders went on a breathtaking journey as they celebrated ‘The Library Week’, unfolding a world beyond books and unraveling the world of happiness around them.

      • Sports Fiesta ‘18- Scottish High celebrates 50 years of Special Olympics (3)
      • Sunday, July 22nd, 2018

        Sports Fiesta ‘18- Scottish High celebrates 50 years of Special Olympics

        Youth leaders of the Scottish High International School Gurgaon enthusiastically set the stage for covering the next 50. On 19th a prestigious Model United Nations took place where an enormous amount of passionate Highlanders took part in committees addressing the agenda, “Maintaining and countering social stigmas surrounding children with intellectual disabilities.” Thus, effectively raising awareness […]

      • Intra Special Olympics SHISMUN 18 (7)
      • Friday, July 20th, 2018

        Intra Special Olympics SHISMUN 18

        A call for change’ got off to a pulsating start at the Scottish High International School. As Scottish High has always been at the forefront of contributing to the society in one way or the other, the Highlanders’ agenda for this year’s noble event is not only to give a strong support to Special Olympics […]

      • Investiture Ceremony 2018 (17)
      • Wednesday, July 11th, 2018

        Investiture Ceremony 2018

        Leadership is all about taking responsibilities and Scottish High always takes giant strides in creating leaders right from the inception. Keeping this as the fundamental, this year too the Investiture Ceremony set the stage for young zealous Highlanders to come to the fore and be the flag bearers for the new frontiers.

      • Scottish High School Student & Special Olympics Athlete, Ranveer Singh Saini made history by being the first Special Needs Golfer in India to win a prize at the Lufthansa Open Tournament (1)
      • Saturday, July 7th, 2018

        Ranveer Singh Saini made history by being the first Special Needs Golfer in India to win a prize at the Lufthansa Open Tournament

        Scottish High School Student and Special Olympics Athlete, Ranveer Singh Saini made history by being the first Special Needs Golfer in India to win a prize at the Lufthansa Open Tournament at the DLF GOLF AND COUNTRY club on 06 July 2018. He won the RUNNERS UP Trophy trailing just 2 strokes behind the Winner. […]

      • Cooking Expedition 2018- Grade XI Scottish High International School
      • Saturday, June 30th, 2018

        Cooking Expedition (2018)- Grade XI

        A cooking expedition spun into an epicurean ecstasy as Scottish High witnessed the Highlanders wielding their one-of-a-kind authority on ‘taste buds’!!! It was a riot of recipes as Grade XI students, divided into groups went full throttle to showcase their craft in different genres of cooking. Be it starters, grill, main course, continental or desserts […]

      • Monday, May 21st, 2018

        Sports Fiesta’18  Intra Special Olympics Bharat SHISMUN18

        Click Below for the Registration    

      • Monkey BusinessAward Ceremony (17)
      • Wednesday, May 16th, 2018

        Monkey Business/Award Ceremony 2018

        Once again, Monkey Business 2018 stole audience’s heart with an explosive showdown by the new arrivals in the little Highlanders family. Titled ‘Ecstasia’ the event was a mega-mix of music, dance and the high decibel razzmatazz of enthusiasm and creativity by the young students. Will not be an overstatement to say ‘that it took every […]

      • The summer camp for the Initial Chapter ( Pre-Nursery, Nursery & KG) - Copy
      • Thursday, May 10th, 2018

        The summer camp for the Initial Chapter

      • Vaccination Drive - Coverage by Gurgaon Times
      • Thursday, May 3rd, 2018

        Vaccination Drive – Coverage by Gurgaon Times

      • Inter Clan Hindi Extempore for vi vii (2)
      • Wednesday, April 25th, 2018

        Inter Clan Hindi Extempore for VI-VII

      • Earth Day Rally - Primary wing (2)
      • Thursday, April 19th, 2018

        Earth Day Rally – Primary wing

      • SHIS HONOURS ‘LONG YEARS OF SERVICE & COMMITMENT (22)
      • Saturday, April 14th, 2018

        SHIS HONOURS ‘LONG YEARS OF SERVICE’

      • School NEW SESSION 2018 (9)
      • Monday, April 2nd, 2018

        NEW SESSION WITH A BANG!!

        Scottish High once again welcomed the new session and the convoy of new Highlanders with much fanfare and fervor. Like every year, the school warmly greeted the sea of students and their parents to its ever-evolving sanctuary.

      • at home orientation
      • Saturday, March 24th, 2018

        AT HOME” Orientation 2018-19 Tuesday 24th March’18

        Initial’s Orientation Presentation Primary Orientation Presentation

      • Annual Art & Craft Exhibition 2018 (1)
      • Friday, March 23rd, 2018

        Annual Art  Craft Exhibition 2018

        Our young Highlanders displayed the essence of true art by their unique craft and adroitness that not only attracted the visitors but also froze their hearts with awe & bewilderment.

      • Graduation Ceremony - Grade v
      • Saturday, March 17th, 2018

        Graduation Ceremony – Grade v

        A New beginning, journey to middle school  

      • ews
      • Wednesday, March 7th, 2018

        ews 134a

      • PYP Exhibition blood donation camp (2)
      • Thursday, March 1st, 2018

        PYP Exhibition-A step towards responsible citizenship

      • Highlander Girls win The JUNIOR NBA BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP (4)
      • Friday, February 16th, 2018

        Highlander Girls win The JUNIOR NBA BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP

        Highlanders strike once again as under 12 girls Basket Ball team goes ballistic at the Jr. NBA BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP held at Ramjas School, New Delhi.  

      • Farewell 2018 (8)
      • Monday, February 12th, 2018

        Farewell 2018

        Explore the full Gallery Click Here

      • STUDENT-LED CONFERENCE
      • Monday, February 5th, 2018

        Student-Led Conference – Initials Wing

        Walk in, move around, get an eyeful of your child’s workstation and unravel his/ her learning through their journey of discovery’. Once again, the Student Led Conference held on 3rd February 2018, drew in scores of inquisitive parents to their wards’ classroom to explore their domain of learning. From Pre-Nursery to Kindergarten, it was a […]

      • Dr Kartikay Saini
      • Thursday, February 1st, 2018

        Proud honour for Special Olympics Bharat that our Chairman Dr Kartikay Saini has been inducted into the International Advisory Council (IAC)

        It is a proud honour for Special Olympics Bharat that our Chairman Dr Kartikay Saini has been inducted into the International Advisory Council (IAC) today 01 Feb 2018 .IAC plays a strong role as an Advisor and Voice of SOAP to Special Olympics International (SOI). Dr Saini continues to be the Chairman of Special Olympics […]

      • PYP Mentors Orientation (5)
      • Thursday, February 1st, 2018

        PYP Mentors Orientation

        Parents as mentors orientation by PYP Coordinator for the exhibition .

      • Career Fair 2018 (U.S Universities Visit)
      • Tuesday, January 30th, 2018

        Career Fair 2018 (U.S Universities Visit)

        Scottish High International once again sets the stage to ring and buzz with ‘Queries and Answers’ as a group of U.S institutions & Universities drop anchor at the school campus at ‘CAREER FAIR 2018’ as a part of KIC UnivAssist 2018 Spring American University Tour. It is a great opportunity for Highlanders to know what’s […]

      • Monday, January 29th, 2018

        Catch the full event glimpses of Monkey Business 2016

      • Golf champ Ranveer wins top Haryana sports honour
      • Saturday, January 27th, 2018

        Golf champ Ranveer wins top Haryana sports honour

      • Math Week - Nursery Wing (1)
      • Wednesday, January 24th, 2018

        Math Week -Initials Wing

        Highlanders explore the many ways that numbers can be used to make better sense of the world. Be it quantification of numbers, reinforcement of shapes, making patterns, the recapitulation of mathematical concepts and developing spatial awareness, the little ones honed these skills in many ways.

      • Winter Skating Carnival
      • Tuesday, January 23rd, 2018

        Highlanders bagged the Gold medals in Winter Skating Carnival

        Highlanders Daksh, Miraya & Sehar won the Gold and Sanveer, Siddarth & Aahana won the Bronze in winter skating carnival.  

      • Miracles of air by grade 1 (9)
      • Saturday, January 20th, 2018

        ‘Miracles of Air” Fest by Grade 1 Children

      • Student Led Conference (6)
      • Saturday, January 20th, 2018

        Student Led Conference -Primary Wing

      • Highlanders Wins Tata Building India School Essay Competition
      • Tuesday, January 16th, 2018

        Highlander Keerthana Srikanth Wins The Nationwide Essay Competition

        A historic day for Scottish High as the Highlander Keerthana Srikanth won the Nationwide Tata Building India School Essay Competition. The event goes down in the history of Scottish High International School as Keerthana was one of the members of the 58 national winners contingent receiving the honour of being felicitated by the Head of […]

      • Winter Vacation Photo Contest 2018
      • Thursday, January 4th, 2018

        Winter Vacation Photo Contest 2018

        WINTER VACATION PHOTO CONTEST 2018 Here’s ‘one-of-a-kind’ opportunity!!! Send us your unique and exclusive winter vacation photographs and grab the chance to feature them on the school Facebook page. Send your entries – [email protected] Hurry!! Last date of submission – 11th January 2018 * Note- only 5 photographs per entry Also, mention the name & class with entry  

      • ews
      • Thursday, December 28th, 2017

        FRM VI

        FORM VI 2017 (Click to download)

      • Highlanders from the Christmas Floor
      • Wednesday, December 27th, 2017

        Highlanders from the Christmas Floor

        Highlanders added the new essence of joy to the Christmas Celebration event at DLF Golf and Country club. A stunning and heart-grabbing performance by Highlander Girls.

      • Christmas Celebration 2017 (5)
      • Friday, December 22nd, 2017

        Christmas Celebration 2017 – Primary Wing

        Celebrating Christmas through Nativity Play

      • Christmas Carnival 2017 (21)
      • Monday, December 18th, 2017

        Christmas Carnival 2017

        Christmas Carnival   at Scottish High, Temperatures touched the chilly Fahrenheit’ of what we call the ‘full swing ‘of winters in Gurugram. However, the heat was on at Scottish High International School with its Christmas Carnival setting the tone of the season and its festivities. This year too, the Carnival began with a bang, drawing a […]

      • FDP Nursery (7)
      • Friday, December 8th, 2017

        Front Desk Programme – Nursery Wing

      • Sports day 2017 - primary wings (3)
      • Wednesday, December 6th, 2017

        Sports Day at Scottish High – Primary Wing

      • Chinmaya Bhagwad Gita Chanting Competition 2017 (1)
      • Monday, December 4th, 2017

        Highlanders made us proud by win – Chinmaya Bhagwad Gita Chanting Competition 2017

      • Thursday, November 30th, 2017

        IBDP Orientation Session 2018-20

        Dear, Parents The School management and the IBDP department welcomes you to an orientation programme for the IB enrollment.This is a short workshop to help you understand the nuances of IB and its advantages in seeking admission to prestigious universities and courses across the globe as well in India.We look forward to an interactive session […]

      • Scottish High’s under 10 girls Basketball team win the 23rd Ramjas Basketball Champions league (1)
      • Thursday, November 30th, 2017

        Scottish High’s under 10 girls Basketball team lifting the PRESTIGIOUS WINNERS TROPHY

        It was a notable moment for Scottish High’s under 10 girls Basketball team lifting the PRESTIGIOUS WINNERS TROPHY as they emerged victorious after defeating their arch rivals Shri Ram Aravali in the finals of the 23rd Ramjas Basketball Champions league held at New Delhi.

      • Self Study (1)
      • Saturday, November 25th, 2017

        IBYP self-study workshop for the parents – PYP

        IBPYP self study for parent conducted by PYP coordinator

      • story telling by Zenny Jhelumi
      • Friday, November 24th, 2017

        Story session taken by famous authors – Piotr Karski and Zenny Jhelumi – for grade 1  2

        Promoting international mindedness- Interactive storytelling session was taken by Piotr Karski author from the Poland and Zenny Jhelumi for grade 1 & 2

      • Additional Maths India topper award
      • Thursday, November 23rd, 2017

        Highlanders earn the ” Additional Maths India Topper Award ” by Cambridge International examination

        Jibitesh Saha of class X Igcse has made the school proud by securing the Additional Maths India topper award by Cambridge International Examination.  

      • Annual Day Celebrations 2017 (32)
      • Monday, November 20th, 2017

        Re Viva – The Annual Day Celebrations 2017

        The Highlanders once again enthralled the audience with their spellbinding stagecraft at the Annual Day Celebrations on 18th November 2017

      • Initials Sports Day (1)
      • Thursday, November 16th, 2017

        Initials Sports Day

      • Highlanders participated in All India Open Tennis Fiesta 2017
      • Thursday, November 9th, 2017

        Highlanders participated in All India Open Tennis Fiesta 2017

        Highlanders participated in All India Open Tennis Fiesta 2017. Praneet Kapoor was Runners-up in U-6 boys, Tripty Maheswari was Runners-up in U-10 girls and Aman Patel was 2nd Runners-up in U-8 boys

      • A bunch of laurels bagged by Highlanders
      • Monday, November 6th, 2017

        A bunch of laurels bagged by Highlanders

        Our Highlanders have won awards at ARMUN’17 Varin of XI represented as Executive Board member and designated as NSA Shivank of XI won Best Del award in AIPPM Aaliya of VIII won 1st high comm in AIPPM  Jei Sridhar of XI got high comm award in AIPPM Dhanvi & Ayra of XI received special mention […]

      • Street Play Competition in tGELF Harmony 2017
      • Monday, October 30th, 2017

        Highlanders earn the First Position in the Street Play Competition in tGELF Harmony 2017 and Best Speaker in the Debate competition

      • Food Expedition at Scottish High (7)
      • Friday, October 27th, 2017

        Food Expedition at Scottish High

        To give students a palate to explore the world of taste and nutrition, food expedition was held at Scottish High

      • Scottish High Earn- Time Shriver certificate-Unified Champion School -
      • Monday, October 16th, 2017

        Scottish High Awarded “Unified Champion School” Special Olympics

      • diwali mela (4)
      • Saturday, October 7th, 2017

        Diwali Mela 2017

        Diwali Mela at Scottish High

      • A psychology session on interdisciplinary - Expert Talk- by Alexandra Snee (1)
      • Thursday, October 5th, 2017

        A psychology session on interdisciplinary – Expert Talk- by Alexandra Snee

        Alexandra Snee visited Scottish high to deliver an expert talk on one of the topics in Psychology – Obedience. The audience was grade 11 and 12 IBDP students studying ESS, BM, Eco, Political Science and faculty members. ISC Psychology students of grade 12 were also included. This was also an interdisciplinary talk keeping in mind […]

      • Hong Kong University
      • Wednesday, October 4th, 2017

        Message from Prof John Spinks, Director- The University of Hong Kong” for Shivang – Earn the title of “President’s Scholar”

         

      • Dussehra Celebrations pic 1
      • Friday, September 29th, 2017

        Dussehra Celebrations at Scottish High

      • Rally for Rivers by Grade 5 (2)
      • Wednesday, September 27th, 2017

        Rally For Rivers – Grade v

      • Social Science Exhibition 2017
      • Saturday, September 23rd, 2017

        Social Science Exhibition 2017

        This year’s Social Science Exhibition 2017 was based on the theme of ‘Eternal Ganga’ as a means to pay homage to the holy river that purifies all evil, and to celebrate the river being accorded as a “human entity”. The exhibition was held in the school auditorium and consisted of a plethora of models and […]

      • Highlanders Secured 3rd Position in SGFI State Tennis Tournament
      • Wednesday, September 20th, 2017

        Highlanders Secured 3rd Position in SGFI State Tennis Tournament

        Agriya yadav and Kaushal Thakran have secured 3rd position in the SGFI State Tennis Tournament

      • logo
      • Sunday, September 10th, 2017

        “School Director’s Awareness Series – Security Concerns”

        Director’s Awareness Series Dear parents, Last few days have been harrowing for the education fraternity. On one hand, we have seen the demon of bullying raising its ugly head and on the other the most gruesome end to a very young life, that too in the environs of a school that is and should be […]

      • SGFI State Chess Championship.
      • Wednesday, September 6th, 2017

        SGFI State Chess Championship Selection

        Armin Kaur (III) and Kaustabh Kaushal(XI) participated in the SGFI District Chess Championship and have been selected for the SGFI State Chess Championship.

      • Print
      • Sunday, September 3rd, 2017

        Scottish High win the Roller Skating Championship

        03 September 2017  

      • EXAM Reschedule
      • Monday, August 28th, 2017

        Reschedule of 28th August Exam

      • IMG_9081
      • Thursday, August 24th, 2017

        Youth Leaders’ Summit 2017 – Ms. Mary Davis visits (CEO Special Olympics International)

      • debate
      • Monday, August 21st, 2017

        Best Team Award at Stage II of Frank Anthony Debate Competition

        Simran Kakar & Yoshita Singh have made us proud by winning the Best Team Award at Stage II of Frank Anthony Debate Competition & qualified for the All India Finals. Simran Kakar has been adjudged as the Best Speaker

      • cricket
      • Monday, August 21st, 2017

        SHIS under 17 cricket team

        SHIS under 17 cricket team has brought laurels by winning the School District Cricket Championship.

      • The 71st Independence Day
      • Wednesday, August 16th, 2017

        The 71st Independence Day

        A historical moment for us as ‘Free Nation’, when India woke under the beautiful sky of liberty and freedom. Scottish High, keeping the spirit of this great nation, salutes yet another milestone of Independence and unites once again to commemorate this glorious day- The 71st Independence Day– reminiscing the heroism and sacrifice of our patriots.

      • SHISMUN17 Second Edition
      • Saturday, August 5th, 2017

        SHISMUN’17 Second Edition

        SHISMUN’17 embodies the educational simulation of the United Nations.

      • SUDHA-GOYAL
      • Friday, August 4th, 2017

        School Director’s Awareness Series no. 06

        Dear Parents, The emotional well being of our children has always been our top priority at Scottish High International School. We are deeply concerned with the latest news regarding few online games and the effect it has had on the lives of many children across the globe. As important stakeholders to our children, it is […]

      • FDP (2)
      • Tuesday, August 1st, 2017

        Front Desk Programme – Primary Wing

      • Primary Gallery Walk (2)
      • Saturday, July 29th, 2017

        Gallery Walk – Primary Wing

      • slcinitial17 (5)
      • Saturday, July 22nd, 2017

        Gallery Walk – Initials

        Taking ownership of their learning, the Highlanders of Early Years of The Scottish High International School, Gurugram, participated in the Gallery Walk on 22nd July, 2017 with full enthusiasm. They took upon themselves to show their class, the different corners and the work displayed on the boards to their parents, surprising them with their communication […]

      • Scienceexh2017 (2)
      • Saturday, July 22nd, 2017

        Scientia Techno Palooza – Science Exhibition 2017

        Science takes a leap beyond books as Annual Science Exhibition “Scientia Techno Palooza“makes a touch down at Scottish High International School on 22nd July 2017. At Scottish High, Science is more than a syllabus as the young enthusiastic Highlanders took it to mammoth proportions by showcasing 65 participatory exhibits, constituting various innovative working models and […]

      • Nukaad Natak Kinderact (1)
      • Thursday, June 22nd, 2017

        Nukkad Natak connecting with the community – Primary Wing

        A Nukkad Natak perfomed at Galleria Market on the consumer right.  

      • 20-21June 2017 (3)
      • Wednesday, June 21st, 2017

        Workshop for teachers PYP-IB

      • shivang keetana
      • Thursday, June 1st, 2017

        Highlanders Scorch National  NCR Toppers’ List in ISC 2017

        Scottish High Flag flutters high with the Proud Highlanders Keerthana Srikanth ranked ALL INDIA SECOND POSITION HOLDER and DELHI NCR TOPPER with an astounding 397/400 i.e. 99.25% and Shivang Singh being ranked SECOND TOPPER IN DELHI NCR with395/400 i.e. 98.75%. The two Highlanders scored a Perfect 100% in Physics, Economics, ICT & Mathematics, respectively. The […]

      • University_of_Cambridge_coat_of_arms_official.svg
      • Friday, May 19th, 2017

        IGCSE Results 2016-17

        The highlanders have again made us proud by scoring perfect scores in IGCSE results 2017. Jibitesh Saha and Srijan Saxena have scored prefect 7*. Total A*and A : 98. Congratulations to all the achievers.

      • Ranveer Singh Saini won Gold at Special Olympics Golf Masters 2017
      • Saturday, April 29th, 2017

        Highlander Ranveer Singh Saini won Gold at Special Olympics Golf Masters 2017

        Ranveer Saini participated in the Special Olympics Golf Masters – 2017 tournament held from 16 April to 22 April 2017 at Macau. Over 100 golfers competed from across the world including USA, UK, Finland, Australia, South Korea, HongKong, Sweden, South Africa among others. He played 2 rounds of Golf in a 36 hole tournament at […]

      • library week (1)
      • Tuesday, March 28th, 2017

        Library Week 2017 – Primary Wing

        Students participated in many learning engagement.

      • orientation
      • Monday, March 27th, 2017

        AT HOME” Orientation 2017-18 – Tuesday 28th March’17

        AT HOME” Orientation 2017-18 for Initial School & Primary School – Tuesday 28th March’17 Initials Orientation Presentation  – Click here to download A Ready Reckoner for the parents of Initial Chapter – Click here to download Primary Orientation Presentation – Click here to download  

      • 5A 24
      • Monday, March 27th, 2017

        Graduation Ceremony- Grade V

      • world down syndrome day 2017 (6)
      • Tuesday, March 21st, 2017

        World Down Syndrome day Celebration 2017

      • SAIBSA (South Asia International Baccalaureate School Association) at Scottish High (5)
      • Sunday, March 5th, 2017

        SAIBSA (South Asia International Baccalaureate School Association) at Scottish High

        SAIBSA held at Scottish High to share the best practices among the educators all over India

      • DSC00823
      • Monday, February 20th, 2017

        The BHIM AWARD, has been confered to our student Ranveer Singh Saini

        It is a proud moment for Scottish High that the Highest Sports Award of the State, the BHIM AWARD,  has been confered to our student Ranveer Singh Saini  by the Hon’ble Governor of Haryana today.

      • Blooddona2017 (4)
      • Tuesday, February 14th, 2017

        Blood Donation Camp – PYP

      • A Choice Of IGCSE
      • Tuesday, December 27th, 2016

        Circular – A choice of IGCSE (Cambridge Secondary 1) Curriculum

        Dear Parents, You will be glad to know that in the coming session 2017-18 onwards we shall provide our dear students with one more option of curriculum choice in the middle years. After graduating from class V, students will now have a choice of IGCSE (Cambridge Secondary 1) curriculum or the current ICSE curriculum from […]

      • Cambridge Secondary 1 - Orientation 3
      • Monday, December 26th, 2016

        Cambridge Secondary 1 – Orientation

        An Orientation for the parents of grade V was conducted on Dec 24, 2016 with the aim of making the parents familiar with the Cambridge Secondary 1 Curriculum and also with the changes, the child will go through during the transition from Primary Years to Middle School. Cambridge Secondary 1 – Orientation PPT  – Click here to […]

      • KINDERACT CLUB (11)
      • Friday, December 9th, 2016

        Kinderact Club Live Healthy Breathe Healthy Marathon

      • Haryana Swarna Jyanti launch at Tau Devi Lal stadium
      • Tuesday, November 1st, 2016

        Haryana Swarna Jyanti launch at Tau Devi Lal stadium

        Ranveer Saini was felicitated along with other Olympians Ms. Sakshi Malik , Mr. Vijender Singh and Ms. Deepa malik in the Prime Minister’s function of Haryana Swarn Jyanti launch at Tau Devi Lal stadium on November 01, 2016.

      • International Robotronics Competition
      • Wednesday, October 19th, 2016

        International Robotronics Competition School League

        Our Junior Robotics teams have won 1st & 2nd Team Prize in International Robotronics Competition School League held at Lotus Valley international School.

      • Topper IGCSE Combined Sciences
      • Wednesday, October 19th, 2016

        Topper IGCSE Combined Sciences

        Keisha Mathews of SHIS has topped the country in IGCSE Combined Sciences.

      • Haryana Equestrian Sports Association Event
      • Wednesday, October 19th, 2016

        Haryana Equestrian Sports Association Event

        Ranvijay Saini of grade three won 2 gold and a bronze medal, while Nripesh Mehlawat of grade nine won 3 gold medals in three respective events organised by Haryana Equestrian Sports Association.

      • swimming-championship
      • Wednesday, October 12th, 2016

        Won Medals in Pathways Invitational Swimming Championship

        Highlanders have won 3 silver and 10 bronze in the Pathways Invitational Swimming Championship.

      • Inter School Tennis Championship
      • Saturday, October 8th, 2016

        Won Pathways Inter School Tennis Championship

        Primary highlanders have made us proud by winning the Pathways Inter School Tennis Championship in both boys and girls under 10 age category.

      • Gold Medal In Haryana State Shooting Championship
      • Friday, October 7th, 2016

        Gold Medal in Haryana State Shooting Championship

        Rakshit Jaiswal has won 1 gold and I silver in Haryana state shooting championship.

      • Interschool Swimming Competition For Primary
      • Saturday, October 1st, 2016

        Interschool Swimming Competition for Primary

        Our highlanders won 11 Gold, 9 Silver and 17 Bronze medals in Interschool Swimming competition for Primary held at GD Goenka World School.

      • IMG-20160904-WA0001 comp
      • Monday, September 5th, 2016

        Haryana State Soccer Team has won the National Championship of SSPF  Sports Authority of India

        Haryana State Soccer Team has won the National Championship of SSPF & Sports Authority of India. The State team comprised of TEN champion Highlanders who got this glory to the State. Congratulations to the players and coaches.The names of the players are as follows – Varin Agarwal, Ishaan Yadav, Aryan Dhoot, Samridh Anand, Sunny Singh, […]

      • SHIS Won Inter School Basketball Girls Tournament
      • Saturday, August 27th, 2016

        SHIS won Inter School Basketball Girls Tournament

        Under 10 team of SHIS has won the Inter School Basketball Girls Tournament for Primary section conducted by DPS International, Gurgaon. Arushi Bist was declared best defender.

      • Boys Under 17 School District Tennis Championship
      • Friday, August 26th, 2016

        Boys Under 17 School District Tennis Championship

        Highlanders Samarth, Nischay, Tarang and Yugansh have won the Second position in the Under 17 School District Tennis Championship.

      • Friday, August 26th, 2016

        Boys – Under 14 School District Tennis Championship

        Highlanders Agriya Yadav, Kabir Singh, Saman Jain, Kaushal and Rahul Dang have secured the Second position in the Under 14 School District Tennis Championship.

      • Friday, August 26th, 2016

        Under 19 – Girls School District Tennis Championship

        Highlanders Mahika Rathod, Diya Shukla and Khyati M Srivastava have made us proud by winning First position in the Under 19 Girls School District Tennis Championship and will now play at State level.

      • 5
      • Friday, August 5th, 2016

        Young Indian Sports Star Award 2016

        Ranveer Saini has been felicitated with the Indian Achievers Award by Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shashtri’s son Mr. Sunil Shashtri and Mr Antony Member of Parliament at India Habitat Centre.

      • School District Cricket Competition
      • Friday, August 5th, 2016

        School District Cricket Competition

        Scottish High under 14 school cricket team has made us proud by winning the School District Cricket Competition and has also qualified for the State Championship.

      • School District Soccer Championship
      • Friday, August 5th, 2016

        School District Soccer Championship

        Scottish High under 14, under 17 and under 19 soccer teams have won the school district soccer championship in all the three categories and have qualified for the state championship.

      • Friday, August 5th, 2016

        IIMUN Conference

        Scottish High has won the best delegation award at the IIMUN Conference held at Suncity World School. Akriti Gupta, Parwaz Gill & Gayatri Kashyap were declared the best delegates.

      • All India Frank Anthony Debate Competition 2016 -
      • Friday, July 15th, 2016

        All India Frank Anthony Debate Competition 2016

        Our highlanders Shivang Singh & Vitasta Singh have won the prestigious All India Frank Anthony Debate Competition regional round in Category 1 and in Category 2, Niharika Mehrotra has been adjudged first runners up speaker. Both teams qualify for second round.

      • Monday, July 4th, 2016

        IRC Open League’16

        IRC Open League’16 – Team1-Arnav, Maanas and Shiven of grade VII won 1st position and sponsored trip for China and team 2 – Nirbhay,Harshit and Vaibhav of grade VII won 3rd position.

      • Tuesday, June 28th, 2016

        India Finals of Compudon Season

        Srijan Saxena of X IGCSE has secured Second Position in India Finals of Compudon Season VI. He was awarded a Laptop, Certificate and Medal for the same.

      • Tuesday, April 26th, 2016

        Initial School Orientation 2016

        Ready Reckoner 2016 Initials At Home session 2016-17

      • Tuesday, April 26th, 2016

        Primary School Orientation 2016

        Primary Parent Orientation for session 2016-17

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    ★Essay on conservation of energy

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    Union of Concerned Scientists

    Union of Concerned Scientists

    en español

    Benefits of Renewable Energy Use

    Wind turbines and solar panels are an increasingly common sight. But why? What are the benefits of renewable energies—and how do they improve our health, environment, and economy?

    This page explores the many positive impacts of clean energy, including the benefits of wind ,  solar ,  geothermal ,  hydroelectric , and  biomass . For more information on their negative impacts—including effective solutions to avoid, minimize, or mitigate—see our page on  The Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy Technologies .

    Less global warming

    Human activity is overloading our atmosphere with carbon dioxide and other  global warming emissions . These gases act like a blanket, trapping heat. The result is a web of  significant and harmful impacts , from stronger, more frequent storms, to drought, sea level rise, and extinction.

    In the United States, about 29 percent of global warming emissions come from our electricity sector. Most of those emissions come from fossil fuels like coal and natural gas [ 1 ,  2 ].

    What is CO2e?

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most prevalent greenhouse gas, but other air pollutants—such as methane—also cause global warming. Different energy sources produce different amounts of these pollutants. To make comparisons easier, we use a carbon dioxide equivalent, or CO2e—the amount of carbon dioxide required to produce an equivalent amount of warming.

    In contrast, most renewable energy sources produce little to no global warming emissions. Even when including “life cycle” emissions of clean energy (ie, the emissions from each stage of a technology’s life—manufacturing, installation, operation, decommissioning), the global warming emissions associated with renewable energy are minimal [ 3 ].

    The comparison becomes clear when you look at the numbers. Burning natural gas for electricity releases between 0.6 and 2 pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (CO2E/kWh); coal emits between 1.4 and 3.6 pounds of CO2E/kWh.  Wind , on the other hand, is responsible for only 0.02 to 0.04 pounds of CO2E/kWh on a life-cycle basis;  solar  0.07 to 0.2;  geothermal  0.1 to 0.2; and  hydroelectric  between 0.1 and 0.5.

    Renewable electricity generation from  biomass  can have a wide range of global warming emissions depending on the resource and whether or not it is sustainably sourced and harvested.

    Different sources of energy produce different amounts of heat-trapping gases. As shown in this chart, renewable energies tend to have much lower emissions than other sources, such as natural gas or coal.
    Source: IPCC, 2011 Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (Chapter 9).

    Increasing the supply of renewable energy would allow us to replace carbon-intensive energy sources and significantly reduce US global warming emissions.

    For example, a 2009 UCS analysis found that a 25 percent by 2025 national renewable electricity standard would lower power plant CO2 emissions 277 million metric tons annually by 2025—the equivalent of the annual output from 70 typical (600 MW) new coal plants [ 4 ].

    In addition, a ground-breaking study by the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) explored the feasibility of generating 80 percent of the country’s electricity from renewable sources by 2050. They found that renewable energy could help reduce the electricity sector’s emissions by approximately 81 percent [ 5 ].

    Improved public health

    The air and water pollution emitted by coal and natural gas plants is linked with breathing problems, neurological damage, heart attacks, cancer, premature death, and a host of other serious problems. The pollution affects everyone: one Harvard University study estimated the life cycle costs and public health effects of coal to be an estimated $74.6 billion every year. That’s equivalent to 4.36 cents per kilowatt-hour of electricity produced—about one-third of the average electricity rate for a typical US home [ 6 ].

    Most of these negative health impacts come from air and water pollution that clean energy technologies simply don’t produce. Wind, solar, and hydroelectric systems generate electricity with no associated air pollution emissions. Geothermal and  biomass   systems emit some air pollutants, though total air emissions are generally much lower than those of coal- and natural gas-fired power plants.

    In addition, wind and solar energy require essentially no water to operate and thus do not pollute water resources or strain supplies by competing with agriculture, drinking water, or other important water needs. In contrast, fossil fuels can have a  significant impact on water resources : both coal mining and natural gas drilling can pollute sources of drinking water, and all thermal power plants, including those powered by coal, gas, and oil, withdraw and consume water for cooling. 

    Biomass and geothermal power plants, like coal- and natural gas-fired power plants, may require water for cooling. Hydroelectric power plants can disrupt river ecosystems both upstream and downstream from the dam. However, NREL’s 80-percent-by-2050 renewable energy study, which included biomass and geothermal, found that total water consumption and withdrawal would decrease significantly in a future with high renewables [ 7 ].

    Inexhaustible energy

    Photo: Diliff/Wikimedia Commons

    Strong winds, sunny skies, abundant plant matter, heat from the earth, and fast-moving water can each provide a vast and constantly replenished supply of energy. A relatively small fraction of US electricity currently comes from these sources, but that could change: studies have repeatedly shown that renewable energy can provide a significant share of future electricity needs, even after accounting for potential constraints [ 9 ].

    In fact, a major government-sponsored study found that clean energy could contribute somewhere between three and 80 times its 2013 levels, depending on assumptions [8]. And the previously mentioned NREL study found that renewable energy could comfortably provide up to 80 percent of US electricity by 2050.

    Jobs and other economic benefits

    Two energy workers on a roof

    Two energy workers installing solar panels.
    Photo: Dennis Schroeder / NREL

    Compared with fossil fuel technologies, which are typically mechanized and capital intensive, the renewable energy industry is more labor intensive. Solar panels need humans to install them; wind farms need technicians for maintenance.

    This means that, on average, more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from fossil fuels.

    Renewable energy already supports thousands of jobs in the United States. In 2016, the wind energy industry directly employed over 100,000 full-time-equivalent employees in a variety of capacities, including manufacturing, project development, construction and turbine installation, operations and maintenance, transportation and logistics, and financial, legal, and consulting services [ 10 ]. More than 500 factories in the United States manufacture parts for wind turbines, and wind power project installations in 2016 alone represented $13.0 billion in investments [ 11 ].

    Other renewable energy technologies employ even more workers. In 2016, the solar industry employed more than 260,000 people, including jobs in solar installation, manufacturing, and sales, a 25% increase over 2015 [ 12 ]. The hydroelectric power industry employed approximately 66,000 people in 2017 [ 13 ]; the geothermal industry employed 5,800 people [ 14] .

    Increased support for renewable energy could create even more jobs. The 2009 Union of Concerned Scientists study of a 25-percent-by-2025 renewable energy standard found that such a policy would create more than three times as many jobs (more than 200,000) as producing an equivalent amount of electricity from fossil fuels [ 15 ]. 

    In contrast, the entire coal industry employed 160,000 people in 2016 [ 26 ].

    In addition to the jobs directly created in the renewable energy industry, growth in clean energy can create positive economic “ripple” effects. For example, industries in the renewable energy supply chain will benefit, and unrelated local businesses will benefit from increased household and business incomes [ 16 ].

    Listen to energy expert Paula Garcia talk about renewable energy progress in the US on the Got Science? Podcast:

    In English:

    En español:

    Local governments also benefit from clean energy, most often in the form of property and income taxes and other payments from renewable energy project owners. Owners of the land on which wind projects are built often receive lease payments ranging from $3,000 to $6,000 per megawatt of installed capacity, as well as payments for power line easements and road rights-of-way. They may also earn royalties based on the project’s annual revenues. Farmers and rural landowners can generate new sources of supplemental income by producing feedstocks for biomass power facilities.

    UCS analysis found that a 25-by-2025 national renewable electricity standard would stimulate $263.4 billion in new capital investment for renewable energy technologies, $13.5 billion in new landowner income from? biomass production and/or wind land lease payments, and $11.5 billion in new property tax revenue for local communities [ 17 ].

    Stable energy prices

    Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country right now, and can help stabilize energy prices in the future.

    Although renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, they can then operate at very low cost (for most clean energy technologies, the “fuel” is free). As a result, renewable energy prices can be very stable over time.

    Moreover, the costs of renewable energy technologies have declined steadily, and are projected to drop even more. For example, the average price to install solar dropped more than 70 percent between 2010 and 2017 [ 20 ]. The cost of generating electricity from wind dropped 66 percent between 2009 and 2016 [ 21 ]. Costs will likely decline even further as markets mature and companies increasingly take advantage of economies of scale.

    In contrast, fossil fuel prices can vary dramatically and are prone to substantial price swings. For example, there was a rapid increase in US coal prices due to rising global demand before 2008, then a rapid fall after 2008 when global demands declined [ 23 ]. Likewise, natural gas prices have fluctuated greatly since 2000 [ 25 ].

    Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2013. Coal news and markets report .

    Using more renewable energy can lower the prices of and demand for natural gas and coal by increasing competition and diversifying our energy supplies. And an increased reliance on renewable energy can help protect consumers when fossil fuel prices spike. 

    Reliability and resilience

     Wind and solar are less prone to large-scale failure because they are distributed and modular. Distributed systems are spread out over a large geographical area, so a severe weather event in one location will not cut off power to an entire region. Modular systems are composed of numerous individual wind turbines or solar arrays. Even if some of the equipment in the system is damaged, the rest can typically continue to operate.

    For example, Hurricane Sandy damaged fossil fuel-dominated electric generation and distribution systems in New York and New Jersey and left millions of people without power. In contrast, renewable energy projects in the Northeast weathered Hurricane Sandy with minimal damage or disruption [ 25 ]. 

    Water scarcity is another risk for non-renewable power plants. Coal, nuclear, and many natural gas plants depend on having sufficient water for cooling, which means that severe droughts and heat waves can put electricity generation at risk. Wind and solar photovoltaic systems do not require water to generate electricity and can operate reliably in conditions that may otherwise require closing a fossil fuel-powered plant. (For more information, see  How it Works: Water for Electricity .)  

    The risk of disruptive events will also increase in the future as droughts, heat waves, more intense storms, and increasingly severe wildfires become more frequent due to global warming—increasing the need for resilient, clean technologies.

    Learn more:

    • Barriers to Renewable Energy
    • Blog series:  Clean Energy Momentum

    References:

    [1] Environmental Protection Agency. 2017. Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2015.

    [2] Energy Information Agency (EIA). 2017.  How much of the U.S. carbon dioxide emissions are associated with electricity generation?

    [3] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2011.  IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation . Prepared by Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, K. Seyboth, P. Matschoss, S. Kadner, T. Zwickel, P. Eickemeier, G. Hansen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow (eds)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1075 pp. (Chapter 9).

    [4] Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS). 2009.  Clean Power Green Jobs .

    [5] National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). 2012.  Renewable Electricity Futures Study . Volume 1, pg. 210.

    [6] Epstein, P.R.,J. J. Buonocore, K. Eckerle, M. Hendryx, B. M. Stout III, R. Heinberg, R. W. Clapp, B. May, N. L. Reinhart, M. M. Ahern, S. K. Doshi, and L. Glustrom. 2011. Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal in “Ecological Economics Reviews.” Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1219: 73–98.

    [7]  Renewable Electricity Futures Study . 2012.

    [8] NREL. 2016.  Estimating Renewable Energy Economic Potential in the United States: Methodology and Initial Results .

    [9]  Renewable Electricity Futures Study . 2012.

    IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation . Prepared by Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2011.

    UCS. 2009.  Climate 2030: A national blueprint for a clean energy economy .

    [10] American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 2017. AWEA U.S. Wind Industry Annual Market Report: Year Ending 2016. Washington, D.C.: American Wind Energy Association.

     [11] Wiser, Ryan, and Mark Bolinger. 2017. 2016 Wind Technologies Market Report. U.S. Department of Energy.

    [12] The Solar Foundation. 2017. National Solar Jobs Census 2016.

    [13] Navigant Consulting. 2009.  Job Creation Opportunities in Hydropower .

    [14] Geothermal Energy Association. 2010.  Green Jobs through Geothermal Energy .

    [15] UCS. 2009.  Clean Power Green Jobs .

    [16] Environmental Protection Agency. 2010.  Assessing the Multiple Benefits of Clean Energy: A Resource for States . Chapter 5.

    [17] UCS. 2009.  Clean Power Green Jobs .

    [18] Deyette, J., and B. Freese. 2010.  Burning coal, burning cash: Ranking the states that import the most coal . Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists.

    [20] SEIA. 2017. Solar Market Insight Report 2017 Q2.

    [21] AWEA. 2017. AWEA U.S. Wind Industry Annual Market Report: Year Ending 2016. Washington, D.C.: American Wind Energy Association.

    [22] UCS. 2009.  Clean Power Green Jobs .

    [23] UCS. 2011.  A Risky Proposition: The financial hazards of new investments in coal plants .

    [24] EIA. 2013.  U.S. Natural Gas Wellhead Price .

    [25] Unger, David J. 2012.  Are renewables stormproof? Hurricane Sandy tests solar, wind . The Christian Science Monitor. November 19.

    [26] Department of Energy. 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report

    Last revised date: December 20, 2017

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    You are here: Home / Pre-Physician Assistant / PA School Prerequisites: Admissions Directors Answer Your Burning Questions

    PA School Prerequisites: Admissions Directors Answer Your Burning Questions

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    Admissions Directors Tell All - PA School Prerequisites As you probably know by now, if you want to get into PA school you must complete the necessary prerequisite coursework.

    I have discussed this in detail in a previous post  Prerequisite Coursework: How to Design the Perfect Pre-PA School Curriculum .

    Today, we are going a step further by giving you answers to some of the most common PA school prerequisite questions.

    And the best part is:

    These answers are directly from the PA school admissions committee themselves.

    PA School Prerequisite Q&A

    1. Do You Look Down On Community College Prerequisite Coursework?
    2. Do PA School Prerequisite Classes Expire?
    3. Can I Apply With Coursework in Progress?
    4. Do My Prerequisite Courses Fulfill The Requirements?
    5. Do You Accept Online Prerequisite Coursework?
    6. Is There a Minimum GPA for Prerequisite Coursework?
    7. Do You Accept Prerequisite Courses Completed at Different Colleges?
    8. Is Lab Required?
    9. How About Repeat Courses?
    10. Graduate Or Undergraduate Courses?
    11. Dropped Courses?

    The following are questions asked by pre-PAs as part of the annual Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) forum where ADCOMs from 30 top PA schools come together for a weekend and answer your questions. Schools such as Duke, Butler, Penn State College of Medicine, Yale, and Case Western Reserve (to name just a few).

    Below you will find the question in bold with the answer given by the ADCOM (admissions committee) in blockquote. I have provided a summary of recommendations in yellow at the end of each section as well as an overall summary at the end of this post.

    Got more questions or some helpful advice? Please let us know in the comments section.

    1. Do You Look Down On Community College Prerequisite Coursework?

    What is your take on applicants that take only one required course at a county college?

    One or two community college courses is fine. The only time it becomes a concern is if ALL of your science or prereqs come from a community college, or there are multiple community colleges you have attended. – A.T. Still University

    How do you view community college classes? Say if I take a prerequisite course at a community college, but it was a simple general education class such as sociology?

    Community college classes are fine. We know many people do not have the resources to go back and take pre-reqs at four-year schools – Duke University

    I took all my science classes at community college. Will that be a problem?

    Having all of your science from a community college will be a weakness on your application. If you have some science courses at a 4-year university that will help, but having completed all your science classes at CC will be a negative factor. – A.T. Still University

    If I do plan to retake some courses, does it matter if it’s at a local college or university? I can take some at the university level but others I can only retake at the college level because of financial hardship

    You can complete coursework at any regionally accredited institution. This can include a community college or online as well. – Butler University

    So long as the courses are completed at a regionally accredited institution, they will satisfy. It does not matter to us if they are from community college or a four year institution. We are aware of the significant costs for applicants and students alike and we encourage you to complete them in a way that is cost-effective and works for you. – Penn State College of Medicine

    I took all of my prerequisites at the community college level. Would you suggest re-taking any at a University or would it be better to put my focus into improving other areas of my application such as patient care? How much of a negative impact does this hold? My GPA is strong, and I have significant volunteer hours.

    In your case, I would not suggest retaking the courses. Yes, focus on your strengths so that you can offset the community college science courses. If you have an opportunity to take an upper-level science course at a 4-year university, you might consider that, but focus on the strong aspects of your application. It’s not a one-strike and you are done – the whole process is flexible and holistic. – A.T. Still University

    I had a school tell me that because I took my last few courses at a community college that was held against me and that I was 3 of their scoring points away from an interview. How do you guys feel about that?

    Upper division prerequisite requirements can be completed at a four-year institution, community college, or online courses from regionally accredited institutions. We do not look down on community college coursework. It will be factored in the same way – Penn State College of Medicine

    Does your PA program accept prerequisites from Tri counties community college?

    Yes, we will accept prerequisites from Tri C or other community colleges. – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: Some schools do care if all of your prerequisites courses are taken at a community college, but the vast majority don’t. If you can, it is best to research your preferred PA school’s website and contact the program admission team.

    2. Do PA School Prerequisite Classes Expire?

    I would like to know if the prereq classes taken in undergrad in 2003 would be considered in factoring GPA or should I retake them. I can try to retake some at a university, but because of my financial situation, I can only afford community college courses. Will this be ok? Thanks

    Courses you have taken do not expire for us. We will use your coursework from 2003 in our transcript review to determine which prerequisites are fulfilled. – Yale University

    I completed my science classes in 2008, should I retake them?

    If you’ve been working in healthcare full-time since graduating we would waive that requirement – Penn State College of Medicine

    Do you accept a three-credit Humanities course if it was taken six years ago in 2011?

    Yes, we will accept humanities credits that are older than 5 years. Only science credits must be taken within 5 years. – Touro University

    My question is whether or not classes taken during undergrad “expire?” I graduated with a B.S in Biology in 2013 but started college in 2006. I was in the Air Force, so my undergrad took a long time to complete. As it stands, I am currently living as an Air Force dependent in Germany with my spouse while they finish their 4-year tour. I will not be applying to PA school for another three years. I was wondering since I will have been out of school for six years when I apply, will this hurt my application? I don’t know if the time since my classes were taken, will work against me?

    The courses that “time out” are Anatomy and Physiology. That course series must be completed within 5 years of matriculation so you may need to refresh those courses. – Carroll University

    I am a medical graduate from India applying for PA program. When you talk about GPA, is it the GPA of the prerequisite courses or the bachelor’s degree too? I received my bachelors in 1995 and have completed the prerequisites in the past two years. So which one counts more towards selection process?

    The prereqs which must be completed within 10 years of applying count towards the selection process so we wouldn’t look at your 1995 coursework at all actually. – Case Western Reserve

    I have a biology degree but graduated in 2002, are there any courses that your program wants to be more recent?

    All of the prerequisites have to be completed within 10 years of applying to our program.  – Case Western Reserve

    Do classes have an expiration date? Also, can I repeat some of the undergrad courses at a community college?

    College credits do not expire. I only suggest retaking if you did very poorly in a prereq. Some students will take refresher courses or upper-level science to get back into “student mode” but remember, community college credits are not as rigorous as 4-year university credits. – A.T. Still University

    I graduated with a BS in 2011, taking some core science classes in 2007. Since graduating, I have been working as a certified medical assistant and now working with CHC on the central coast. Would I need to retake the core classes? 

    No need to retake the prereqs. Having them completed more than 5 years ago is not ideal, but you have more recent coursework and clinical/volunteering to make up for it. So I suggest not worrying about retaking any courses unless you earned a C or below in one. – A.T. Still University

    Summary: There is a surprisingly large amount of variation here between schools. Some schools do not have an expiration date on courses while others require all course be completed within a 10-year window and some require 5-year’s for certain courses and no expiration on others. This could open (or close) a lot of doors depending on when you completed your prerequisite coursework. Take home message: Do your research before you apply!

    3. Can I Apply With Coursework in Progress?

    I had taken Anatomy and Physiology (separate and both with their respective labs) over seven years ago. I will be retaking these courses next spring. Can I still apply during the upcoming cycle?

    Yes, you can apply with coursework in progress, you would list it as either in progress or planned on the application. – A.T. Still University

    Can I take biochemistry after submitting my application? If so, does not having taken this class reflect negatively on my application?

    You can have three outstanding prerequisites at the time of application. You must show your plan to complete the courses prior to entering the program. It will not reflect poorly if you have not yet completed biochemistry – Butler University

    Genetics is the only prerequisite I have not taken. Could my application still be reviewed considering I have additional classes that offer a more holistic approach to the medical field?

    You can apply with one outstanding prerequisite (Genetics), however, if accepted you will need to prove you took the course by December 31st and passed with a B or better. – Yale University

    Many programs only allow non-science courses to be “in progress.” Should I be worried that my Biochem will still be in progress when I apply? Should I wait to apply?

    No more than two prerequisites can be outstanding at the time of application and they need to be done by the fall of the application year. – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: The best bet is to try to have all your prerequisite coursework completed before you apply. If not, you better check with the PA program ADCOM, that being said, most schools allow one or two prerequisite courses to be outstanding at the time of application.

    4. Do My Prerequisite Courses Fulfill The Requirements?

    What do you accept for the human anatomy prerequisites? I attended Penn State University, where I have taken Biology 129, titled Mammalian Anatomy. I have also taken Biology 497, a human cadaver dissection course and I use the dissected cadavers to teach my section of the Biology 129 lab. So, the Biology 129 course is called Mammalian Anatomy, but it is primarily human-focused. Will these courses be sufficient for the human anatomy prerequisite? And if so, should I match both of them on the CASPA application?

    Sometimes those need approval by our PA Chair on a case by case basis so if you have a question about a particular class I would email the chair and include a complete course description (and syllabus if you have it) so we can run that by the chair to get approval for you. – A.T. Still University

    I have a question about some wording on your website concerning your prerequisite coursework. Per your website, the prerequisite biology classes must be “at or above the 200 level.” I have completed two combined anatomy and physiology courses with labs which are on par with what is usually required to apply. However, at my school, these were not listed as being at the “200 level”. Could you give any more information on this pre-requisite expectation? 

    We will look at your transcripts and if your courses are listed at the 200 level or higher in a biology related course then the course will count as fulfilling a prerequisite. – Butler University

    Is it possible to substitute organic chemistry with biochemistry for the prerequisites?

    We are not able to substitute Biochem for Organic Chem – Duke University

    For the 2-semester psychology requirement, will neuroscience count? It is listed under the psychology department at my undergraduate university.

    Neuroscience offered through your psychology departement will be accepted as one of the two psychology prereqs. – Carroll University

    I was wondering if students that are applying would be able to designate which courses they would like used as prerequisites such as the choice between organic chemistry and biochemistry. Will the course with a higher grade automatically be used?

    When you are asked to complete our secondary application, you will identify which courses you believe best satisfy our pre-requisites. We then verify these courses across your entire transcript. So my advice would be to best align your course with our course not necessarily take a course less appropriate just because it received a higher grade. As for OChem vs. Biochem – it absolutely is your choice – we require either – or….not both.  – Penn State College of Medicine

    Could you please let me know the equivalent courses for biochemistry and organic chemistry or the course numbers?

    The program does not endorse any one course or university/college at which to take prerequisite courses. We do accept either undergraduate or graduate level courses for biochem and organic but they must be separate courses and they must be specific to biochem and organic, not overview courses that combine lots of different topics. – Case Western Reserve

    What are your thoughts on having endocrinology as an upper-level bio class compared to some of the other upper-level bio courses?

    While endocrinology is not a prerequisite for Yale, certainly any upper-level biology courses will only help enhance your application and prepare you for a rigorous curriculum in a PA Program. – Yale University

    Summary: Tap into your college and university academic advisor and make a plan. When I was in college I followed a pre-med track through my junior year until I discovered PA school. I met with my academic advisor who suggested I pursue a Zoology degree so that I could meet my genetics, microbiology, and anatomy/physiology prerequisites. I suggest you create a spreadsheet ( here is one I have started for you ) and compare prerequisite coursework across programs. When you meet with your advisor you can formulate your attack plan. If there are uncertainties, as I will say a million times, contact a couple PA programs and fill the gaps with knowledge!

    5. Do You Accept Online Prerequisite Coursework?

    I live in a small town where there is a private university and a community college. I still need to take couple prereqs and was thinking of taking them through UNE online courses, because the school in my town is so much more expensive than UNE. Would the UNE online courses be accepted as a prereq?

    Online courses count as long as they are taken at a regionally accredited institution – Duke University

    Can we take prerequisite courses online and attached lab on the campus?

    Our requirement is that all prerequisite courses with labs must be taken “on ground.” – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: Be careful with online courses, while many schools accept online classes, some school require that courses be taken on site. Again best to check before you decide to pursue an online degree.

    6. Is There a Minimum GPA for Prerequisite Coursework?

    If I have a C in one of my prerequisites, but my overall prerequisite GPA is a B would you suggest I retake that course?

    It is difficult to say if you should retake the prerequisite, certainly the higher the better for your prerequisite GPA, so it may be to your benefit. – Yale University

    So, your guys’ pre-requisite courses do not necessarily expire, but all prereqs must be met with a grade of a B?

    The prerequisites do not have a grade minimum, but we calculate an overall prerequisite GPA.  If you are admitted to the program and have one outstanding course, you must complete the course by December 31st and earn a grade of B or better. – Yale University

    Do you require all prereqs to be completed with a B or higher, or does your cumulative GPA just need to be a 3.0 or higher?

    Your cumulative needs to be a 3.0 or higher. – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: GPA requirements are the bane of many well-intended pre-PAs existences. It was definitely mine, and it is the one area where schools vary across the spectrum on requirements. I suggest you use a combination of tools starting with my paschoolfinder.com PA program match tool (where you can sort schools by overall and science GPA requirements) along with the PAEA Program Directory . Unless you have an overall and science GPA of 3.4 it is best to do your homework. If you are applying with a low GPA read this post to see what the ADCOMs have to say.

    7. Do You Accept Prerequisite Courses Completed at Different Colleges?

    I took Anatomy and Physiology 1 at one school and Anatomy and Physiology 2 at another. Will this affect my application?

    No this does not impact your application from our standpoint – Penn State College of Medicine

    Summary: Most schools just want to see that you have completed your prerequisites and maintained a relatively high standard. Having completed your prerequisites at different schools isn’t a big deal. If you have been to five different colleges in four years you may have some explaining to do but otherwise, in the words of Bobby McFerrin ” Don’t Worry Be Happy . “

    8. Is Lab Required?

    I noticed one of the prereqs is a physiology with a lab. How important is having this lab requirement? I have taken physiology without a lab and multiple anatomy classes with labs. I am also having trouble finding physiology lab classes to take separately.

    Physiology lab is indeed a basic pre-requisite. We are strict about that. – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: If the requirement says “lab” well then, you better have the lab. Most biology, physics, chemistry and anatomy/physiology courses have this as part of the course. This is not where you want to cut corners.

    9 How About Repeat Courses?

    Does repeated college courses give a bad impression of a student?

    It depends on how many and what the trajectory of your studies look like.. Everyone has rough spots but the question is if its a pattern or if its an isolated instance with steady improvement thereafter. – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: I think the admissions team at A.T Stills said it best in my post about applying to PA school with a low GPA : “We look for an upward trend in grades. We understand that some students have a hard transition to college, or they do not find focus until later. All of your grades will be averaged together, however, we still look for an upward trend. You do want to be somewhat close to the average GPA though. For example, if your total GPA is a 2.8, that is going to be hard to overcome. If it is a 3.0 or higher, with significant other experiences, we can work with that to an extent.”

    10. Graduate or Undergraduate Courses?

    Does your program factor graduate level work differently than undergraduate?

    It does not.  – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: CASPA calculates a GPA for your masters as well as undergrad coursework, schools look at both and take both into account. They are usually factored equally, but the trend (as always) matters.

    11. Dropped Courses?

    Do you take into account if you dropped a class then ended up retaking it later on? Will it essentially effect the application in any way?

    We do consider if an applicant dropped a class and retook it later.  – Case Western Reserve

    Summary: Of course schools will factor in dropped courses, they are looking for candidates who can handle the rigors of an intensive 2-3 year program. So you need to be careful here. If you drop a course and retake it scoring a 3.7 it isn’t going to look so bad. But lots of dropped course without good reason will not reflect highly.

    Highlights and Summary

    • Community college classes are fine. We know many people do not have the resources to go back and take pre-reqs at four-year schools – Duke University
    • One or two community college courses is fine. The only time it becomes a concern is if ALL of your science or prereqs come from a community college, or there are multiple community colleges you have attended. – A.T. Still University
    • All of the prerequisites have to be completed within 10 years of applying to our program.  – Case Western Reserve
    • You can apply with coursework in progress, you would list it as either in progress or planned on the application. – A.T. Still University
    • Our requirement is that all prerequisite courses with labs must be taken “on ground.” – Case Western Reserve
    • Make sure to check when credits expire. You may (or may not have to retake courses)
    • We require that the pre-reqs be taken within ten years of your application. – Case Western Reserve
    • The prerequisites do not have a grade minimum, but we calculate an overall prerequisite GPA.  If you are admitted to the program and have one outstanding course, you must complete the course by December 31st and earn a grade of B or better. – Yale University

    Do you have more questions or a helpful suggestion? Let us know in the comments section below, I always reply.

    View all posts in this series
    • Applying to PA School with a Low GPA: Admissions Directors Answer Your Questions
    • PA School Prerequisites: Admissions Directors Answer Your Burning Questions
    • The PA Advisor Series: Patient Contact Hours and Healthcare Experience

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    The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly of CNA Classes

    Share this out–its good stuff.

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    Training and working as a CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant) is a unique opportunity that will allow you to see the true nature of the medical field. There can times of great pride and joy as a CNA, but you have to keep in mind that it is no easy task. If you feel that you may have what it takes, read on to see what you can expect from your CNA classes and training .

     

    The Good

    With the proper certification, training, and experience work as a CNA is one of the most secure job markets out there. There will always be a need for nursing assistants and there exists a wide range of possible career opportunities available to those with CNA training.

    Many CNA classes offer flexible hours, or short training courses, in order to accommodate students. If you have a family life, another job, or are taking other classes, many CNA courses can be completed at a time or pace that suits you.

     

    The Bad

    Being a CNA can be a demanding job at times. There will always be those patients that get upset when you are trying to help them, but you must always remember what you are doing: helping them! They may not thank you, but you will feel better knowing that they are clean, comfortable and secure. Closely related to this, as well is the emotional nature of the job. As you work so closely with patients, however, there will be the chance that you will develop a close relationship and bond with those you treat. You will be thankful that you were able to make their lives that bit easier and more comfortable while you were with them, but the doesn’t mean it won’t be hard along the way. This is one of the most difficult and rewarding jobs you can take.

     

    The Ugly

    When you hear the term ‘nursing assistant’ there are a few images that may come to mind; some of which may not be pleasant. Working as CNA is not for those who are faint of heart. You will have a great deal of job satisfaction as a CNA, but you’ll have to deal with a few messes along the way. Everything in life comes at a cost, and one of the costs of becoming a CNA is seeing people at their worst. Bodily fluids, sadness from patients or their family, and high-pressure moments may occur on a regular basis. The work will be hard, and may not always be pretty, but there’s one thing we should never leave out. The impact you will make on your patients will be lifelong. While they may not remember you, you will always be able to appreciate that you helped someone for life.

     

    The Best

    If you are interested in pursuing a career in the medical profession, taking CNA classes can be an excellent way to learn about and understand all of the diverse areas of medical treatment and care. The work can be grueling, but the reward comes in two places. First, it comes from that fact that becoming a CNA includes a lot of job security and stability. Second, it comes from the fact that you’ve helped your patients along a difficult journey. You will have to take the good with the bad, and if you’re tough enough a career as a CNA can be more rewarding than anything else you would pursue.

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    Blog Stories 5 Bad Habits to Avoid When Taking Online Classes

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    5 Bad Habits to Avoid When Taking Online Classes

    Brian

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    Online Degrees

    There are a lot of advantages to taking classes online . While there may be occasions where you need to log in at a specific time to attend a lecture, do group work or watch a webinar, most of the time you can work on our classwork at any time of day. You get to work at your own pace. You don’t have to drive or walk to class. For many of us who juggle school and a full-time job, it’s a great way to get classwork to fit in your personal schedule. Yet along with these advantages, there are pitfalls. It can be easy to fall behind and more difficult to get help from your professor. When compared to a traditional classroom, it is just a different learning environment. There is less supervision and often less structure, which makes it easier to form bad habits – habits that could hinder your success in the class. Here are five bad habits to avoid when taking online classes .

    1. Watching Television or Other Distractions While Studying

    When you are physically in a class, there are others around you who are all paying attention (hopefully) to what the professor is teaching. Students are engaged and asking questions. Often in online classes, your classwork consists of reading or watching a lecture, and then writing and responding to discussion posts. It happens almost without you noticing it. You’re in your own personal space reading your class material. Then you quickly check your Facebook status or you have YouTube playing in the background or are catching up on the latest episode of your favorite show. Then your “class time” becomes a time suck. Suddenly your class material becomes the background. The studying that should have taken you an hour has now taken three hours and you really don’t remember what all of it was about. You wouldn’t bring Netflix or YouTube or Facebook into a conventional class, and you shouldn’t bring it into your virtual class either! Class time is class time.

    2. Studying Whenever You Have the Time

    The freedom that comes with being able to choose when you study can also be your downfall. You need to schedule and block out time each week for your class work. If you spend your week waiting for a free hour or two for study time to show itself, it’s never going to happen. If you don’t proactively schedule time, then likely you won’t have enough time to finish your work.

    3. I’ll Just Log into the Class Once a Week

    It’s important to remember that if you’re taking an online class, the only interaction you’ll have with your professor and other students is online. Login and check the information on your class at least once a day. You may find that the professor has added important information or changes to the classwork for that week or added clarification to something students didn’t understand. Make sure you know what is going on with your class.

    4. I Didn’t Read the Syllabus

    Remember that, since this is an online course, you will not have face time with your professor very often. The syllabus is an important part of an online course and you should refer to it regularly to make sure you are where you need to be in the course each week. It will tell you what you need to know and possibly even assignments you need to complete each week to stay caught up.

    5. Discussion Posts are Dumb

    Many online classes have a discussion board where you are asked to make posts and respond to posts each week on a particular topic. Often there is a stated minimum activity on the discussion board, such as a requirement to create one post on a particular topic or question and respond to two posts that other classmates have created. This is not a waste of time. It is the online equivalent of class discussion and class participation. It allows you to exchange ideas and questions with your classmates and gives the professor a way to assess how well you are grasping the material. It’s best to do more than the minimum suggested posts, so that you get the most out of your classroom participation time. For many online classes, participation in discussion posts is part of your grade for the class.

    Online classes are convenient, and can be a great way to earn college credit. Avoiding these bad habits can help you be successful in your online class and help you avoid unnecessary stress.

    Online Degrees







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    Essay Structuring Guide

    Aug 14, 2018

    Even when students decided on a topic, they may still have a hard time getting down to the actual writing because their heads at this stage are full of unconnected ideas. Therefore, the best way of structuring them and thus achieving a perfectly organized paper is brainstorming. The thing that makes it highly effective is the fact that you actually know how to organize essential ideas in a manner that the reader can understand. Apart from being a framework that helps make the paper content stand out, an essay structure is also a right way of reaching out to your audience.

    Most students do not know what a proper structure of an essay looks like, which is why their writing skills leave a lot to be desired. The major problem they usually face is related to having too much poorly structured information in their papers. Which is why learning how to structure it can help them organize their ideas efficiently and make their essay easy to follow. Being able to come up with a proper structure can also be a solution to your instructor’s challenging requirements.

    Essay Paragraphs – the Structure

    Nearly all students are aware of the so-called ‘five-paragraph structure,’ which is the first thing their tutors introduce them to when teaching the basics of essay writing. Though being a basic structure, it is rarely used in colleges or universities where all papers commonly comprise three paragraphs, i.e., the introduction, body, and conclusion.

    Each student should know that the basic essay structure is the same for all essay types, be it persuasive, narrative or descriptive papers. A poorly structured essay will, therefore, hardly impress your instructor and you may even end up losing valuable grades. Good essay papers should read like a remarkable story and have a proper introduction, main body and conclusion. This example of a good standard structure:

    • Introduction ( 1 paragraph).
    • The main body ( any number of paragraphs depending on the required number of pages, i.e., three or more sections).
    • Conclusion (1 paragraph).

    Essay Introduction

    Being the first paragraph of your essay, the introduction lets the reader know about its topic, as well as your viewpoint regarding it. The opening should contain the thesis statement which can be two to three sentences long, comprising a summary of the main points and/or arguments presented in the essay. The manner in which you write your introduction will help the reader decide whether they would like to proceed with reading the paper or just stop right there. Therefore, knowing the type of audience you are writing for is vital because that way you will be able to come up with a compelling thesis statement that will grab their attention immediately.

    Essay Body Paragraphs Structure

    If the student chooses to go with the five-paragraph structure, they need to make sure that there are three body paragraphs in their paper. If it is a college or university student who has been assigned to come up with an essay containing five or more pages, then the number of paragraphs can be correspondingly higher.

    The paragraphs between the introduction and conclusion are what is commonly referred to as the main body of the essay. You are supposed to make sure that you divide your main body into structural segments, such as subheadings and paragraphs so that it does not look so clustered and confusing to the reader. To achieve this, one should keep in mind a few simple rules, such as:

    • Each subheading and paragraph should present a new point, topic, subject, or idea.
    • Your argument should be supported by evidence, e.g., examples, data, facts, etc.
    • A quick conclusion needs to be drawn.
    • This part should keep the reader interested, so make sure that you do not drag one point for too long and include quotes wherever applicable.
    • And remember – you can always seek essay help to ensure that your main content is structured correctly and well-presented.

    The second paragraph of an essay is where you make a smooth transition from the topic introduced in the first body paragraph, thus making it easier for the reader to follow your key ideas. The seamless transition concept is also applicable to all your remaining paragraphs; however, each point or idea should be supported with evidence, e.g., examples, research results or statistical data. Keep in mind that it is not merely your writing skills that your professor is testing, but rather logical thinking, as well as your ability to create a meaningful and persuasive argument that will help you draw a definitive conclusion.

    Essay Conclusion Paragraph

    The conclusion is the last paragraph of the essay, which provides the reader with a summary of the main points presented in your work. You shouldn’t introduce any new ideas here but rather restate the thesis statement in such a way as to avoid repetition and to induce boredom in your audience. A well-written conclusion will leave the reader with the best impression of your paper, so do not try to rush things up because you may end up ruining your entire essay. It is a good idea to come up with a rough draft of the last paragraph, which will let you iron out any remaining inconsistencies and repetitions in the final product.

    The structure of an essay is an effective way of communication with the reader, showing how well the student understands the topic and requirements of the assignment, as well as their ability to raise an argument and reach a conclusion.

    The citation or bibliography is an integral part of an essay structure that comes after the conclusion and states all the material that you have referenced. If your paper has direct quotes, paraphrased quotes or content from other sources, citations are essential and should, therefore, not be left out. Keep in mind that unless you add proper citations, you can get penalized for plagiarism or even lose grades for submitting a poorly referenced essay. If a specific format is stated in your instructor’s requirements, you need to make sure that you painstakingly adhere to it because failure to do so may entail very unpleasant consequences. In case no format has been specified, just pick any commonly accepted one that you find easy-to-use and format your paper accordingly.

    How you structure your essay determines the manner (or sequence) in which you would like the audience to receive information contained therein. Depending on an essay type, the format of the body paragraphs may differ; however, the overall layout remains the same at all times. Please, see below for a standard essay structure (citations included):

    • Introduction
    • Body Paragraphs
    • Conclusion
    • Bibliography/Citation

    Professional experts to the rescue!

    Not all students are good at writing, so whenever you’re in a pinch, our professional experts can always come to your rescue. If you don’t have enough time, lack the skills and have no clue how to follow the standard essay structure, you can always turn to a professional writing service for help. Actually, getting help is perfectly OK, and it does not reflect negatively on your abilities or intelligence. The thing is that students need to take care of lots of things during their academic life, which leaves them with little or no time at all for their papers. As a result, they write their essays in a hurry and end up getting poor grades.

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    Essay planning and structure

    It is really important to plan your essay before you begin writing. Planning will save you time later. It is also essential that you have a starting point to plan from, even if it is in a very rough form.

    The obvious place to start is at the assignment question itself. From the question you can develop your answer in the form of a thesis statement . From there you can decide what your essay’s subtopics will be and what you want to say about them. After you have a basic idea of what you want to talk about, you can begin to write the essay.

    However, when writing an essay, it can also be difficult to come up with a point of view early on. Therefore, instead of developing a thesis statement first, you may choose to read up on the assignment question and make notes on relevant concepts, theories, and studies. Once you have these notes and can develop a summary of the issues, it should be much easier to write a thesis statement.

    For more information on analysing the assignment question and planning your essay, see planning assignments .

    Essay structure

    All essays share the same basic structure, although they may differ in content and style. The essence of an essay is an opinion, expressed as a thesis statement or proposition, and a logical sequence of arguments and information organised in support of the proposition.

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    ★Betrayal essays


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    • Summer Essays: A Moment of Betrayal

    Summer Essays: A Moment of Betrayal

    Her heart hammered against her rib cage as she slid to the ground.

    By Naneen Karraker

    Published:

    Katarzyna Bialasiewicz

    Editor’s Note: Summer essayists contemplate personal moments of disloyalty, sharing their stories that range from a failing body and objection to war to peer pressure and loss of faith.

    An act of betrayal can cause hopelessness and despair. But people show amazing resilience and often overcome the temporary setbacks disloyalty leaves in its disastrous wake.

    The East Bay Monthly asked East Bay writers to consider a moment of betrayal in the summer essay contest. The theme seemed to resonate well with the wordsmiths, and essayists responded by turning in moving prose about infidelity, loss, abusive relationships, inside jokes, bullying, and other topics.

    The essays chosen to present in print address betrayal in wide-ranging ways, touching on the strains of a weakening body, standing up to the U.S. Marines, and making a gut decision that puts a group of friends at odds. They explore a loss of faith in a trusted adult and a careless act in wartime. They are poignant, dramatic, exciting, heartwarming, and humorous tales, and they are well-written.

    Congratulations to the winning essayists, Naneen Karraker, Robert Menzimer, Stacy Appel, Patricia Young, Anna Rabkin, Flossie Lewis, and Bobbie Stein. Thanks to all the many Bay Area writers for submitting such wonderful prose—it was truly great reading. Look for our next essay contest in the winter.

    This is the first of the seven winning essays:

     

    My heart is pounding, a thundering fills my head, and I can’t catch my breath as I reach the top of the Philadelphia subway station stairs. This isn’t me. I’m healthy. At 66, I am strong and brave enough to do handstands several times a week. I travel a lot, too. These days I fly east several times a year for meetings. Today, I’m on my way to a two-day advisory board meeting at the Quaker Center.

    Through the pouring rain, I see a smudge of lights. If I squint and concentrate really hard, they look enough like the drugstore I’m trying to find. I need an umbrella. It’s six long blocks to my meeting. As blurry as they are, the lights become a beacon, a goal, helping me move ahead instead of lying down right where I am.

    "I’ve got to get an umbrella." I say it again and again as I fight against the growing weakness in my legs. I can barely put one foot ahead of the other, inching toward the half-dozen people waiting for the light to change.

    The light changes. I step off the curb, dragging my new rolling carry-on with one hand and clutching in the other a bag of crisp red apples I’d picked yesterday at my cousin’s Hudson Valley farm. The drugstore lights are just ahead. But when I reach them, I can’t find a door. Just the cold, hard side of a city building interrupted by a ribbon of faintly lit windows. Above them, a Walgreens sign shines a bright red into the dark, autumn evening. I’m imagining a friendly space where I can sit and finally catch my breath. But now what?

    I know I need to get out of the rain. I spot an opening in the side of the building, another subway exit, to my left. I push myself to take the dozen or so steps to reach it. Just inside, there’s a narrow landing, maybe 4 feet wide, before stairs leading down to the tracks. I park my suitcase against the wall just inside the opening and lean against it, fighting to suck in one long breath after another. A young man is perched on a ledge about 6 feet across the opening from me. He’s dressed casually, wearing earphones, swaying slightly to his music, eyes closed, waiting for the rain to let up. People rush in and out of the subway and along the sidewalk. My heart hammers against my ribs. My legs give way. I slide slowly down the wall, hoping my new suitcase can hold me. I remember something about how women can experience a heart attack without chest pains or shooting pains down the left arm. Fear spurs me to reach for my cellphone. I dial 911.

    A woman finally answers. Somehow I find the words to tell her I think I’m having a heart attack. "Where are you?" she asks. "Near the Walgreens on Broad and Chestnut," I mumble, praying I’ve accurately named my location. Philadelphia is a new city for me.

    "We’ll send an ambulance right away."

    I can barely focus through the fog that is now settling across my eyes. The steady flow of people becomes a blur. No one stops to help as my legs give way and I curl slowly to the damp sidewalk, knees bent, my back against the suitcase. Still grasping for air, I begin to tremble, afraid that the ambulance will come too late to find me. Then desperate, I lean toward the young man perched on the ledge across from me, struggling to make my voice heard.

    "Help me, I think I’m dying."

    He looks up, hops off the ledge, and kneels beside me.

    "Ma’am, I’m here. What’s going on?"

    "I called 911, but I don’t hear any sirens."

    "Don’t worry," he assures me. "I hear them. They’re coming."

    I strain to hear and struggle against the weight that’s making me feel like stretching out on the wet pavement. To hell with the pedestrians! So what if they have to step around me!

    He puts his arm around my shoulders, holding me close. Finally I can hear the sirens through the rain and traffic and pedestrian noise. Closer and closer. He then pulls away, gently propping me against my suitcase.

    "They’re across the street," he announces. He jumps up, racing toward the blur of flashing lights. I crumble sideways, stretching out on the wet sidewalk.

    Moments later he is beside me, carefully lifting me so I’m sitting again. "They’re here," he assures me. I can vaguely make out two EMTs, dragging their gurney, heading toward us. One of them guides me onto the gurney. He attaches an oxygen mask over my nose and mouth. As I focus on sucking in one breath after another, I can feel the young man moving around, making sure the EMTs have not only me, but also my suitcase and the bag of apples. Then he is gone.

    I’m still here, still here and beginning to breathe more easily, even though my body is not the body I’ve trusted for so many years.

    Over the past 46 years, Naneen Karraker honed her writing skills by passionately arguing for reducing overreliance on incarcerating people in the United States through letters to the editor, op-ed pieces, pamphlets, grant applications, and speeches. She and her late husband, a criminal defense attorney, raised two sons in Berkeley.

    Editor’s Note: This story appears in the July edition of our sister publication, The East Bay Monthly.

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    • Summer Essays: A Moment of Betrayal

    Summer Essays: A Moment of Betrayal

    Her heart hammered against her rib cage as she slid to the ground.

    By Naneen Karraker

    Published:

    Katarzyna Bialasiewicz

    Editor’s Note: Summer essayists contemplate personal moments of disloyalty, sharing their stories that range from a failing body and objection to war to peer pressure and loss of faith.

    An act of betrayal can cause hopelessness and despair. But people show amazing resilience and often overcome the temporary setbacks disloyalty leaves in its disastrous wake.

    The East Bay Monthly asked East Bay writers to consider a moment of betrayal in the summer essay contest. The theme seemed to resonate well with the wordsmiths, and essayists responded by turning in moving prose about infidelity, loss, abusive relationships, inside jokes, bullying, and other topics.

    The essays chosen to present in print address betrayal in wide-ranging ways, touching on the strains of a weakening body, standing up to the U.S. Marines, and making a gut decision that puts a group of friends at odds. They explore a loss of faith in a trusted adult and a careless act in wartime. They are poignant, dramatic, exciting, heartwarming, and humorous tales, and they are well-written.

    Congratulations to the winning essayists, Naneen Karraker, Robert Menzimer, Stacy Appel, Patricia Young, Anna Rabkin, Flossie Lewis, and Bobbie Stein. Thanks to all the many Bay Area writers for submitting such wonderful prose—it was truly great reading. Look for our next essay contest in the winter.

    This is the first of the seven winning essays:

     

    My heart is pounding, a thundering fills my head, and I can’t catch my breath as I reach the top of the Philadelphia subway station stairs. This isn’t me. I’m healthy. At 66, I am strong and brave enough to do handstands several times a week. I travel a lot, too. These days I fly east several times a year for meetings. Today, I’m on my way to a two-day advisory board meeting at the Quaker Center.

    Through the pouring rain, I see a smudge of lights. If I squint and concentrate really hard, they look enough like the drugstore I’m trying to find. I need an umbrella. It’s six long blocks to my meeting. As blurry as they are, the lights become a beacon, a goal, helping me move ahead instead of lying down right where I am.

    "I’ve got to get an umbrella." I say it again and again as I fight against the growing weakness in my legs. I can barely put one foot ahead of the other, inching toward the half-dozen people waiting for the light to change.

    The light changes. I step off the curb, dragging my new rolling carry-on with one hand and clutching in the other a bag of crisp red apples I’d picked yesterday at my cousin’s Hudson Valley farm. The drugstore lights are just ahead. But when I reach them, I can’t find a door. Just the cold, hard side of a city building interrupted by a ribbon of faintly lit windows. Above them, a Walgreens sign shines a bright red into the dark, autumn evening. I’m imagining a friendly space where I can sit and finally catch my breath. But now what?

    I know I need to get out of the rain. I spot an opening in the side of the building, another subway exit, to my left. I push myself to take the dozen or so steps to reach it. Just inside, there’s a narrow landing, maybe 4 feet wide, before stairs leading down to the tracks. I park my suitcase against the wall just inside the opening and lean against it, fighting to suck in one long breath after another. A young man is perched on a ledge about 6 feet across the opening from me. He’s dressed casually, wearing earphones, swaying slightly to his music, eyes closed, waiting for the rain to let up. People rush in and out of the subway and along the sidewalk. My heart hammers against my ribs. My legs give way. I slide slowly down the wall, hoping my new suitcase can hold me. I remember something about how women can experience a heart attack without chest pains or shooting pains down the left arm. Fear spurs me to reach for my cellphone. I dial 911.

    A woman finally answers. Somehow I find the words to tell her I think I’m having a heart attack. "Where are you?" she asks. "Near the Walgreens on Broad and Chestnut," I mumble, praying I’ve accurately named my location. Philadelphia is a new city for me.

    "We’ll send an ambulance right away."

    I can barely focus through the fog that is now settling across my eyes. The steady flow of people becomes a blur. No one stops to help as my legs give way and I curl slowly to the damp sidewalk, knees bent, my back against the suitcase. Still grasping for air, I begin to tremble, afraid that the ambulance will come too late to find me. Then desperate, I lean toward the young man perched on the ledge across from me, struggling to make my voice heard.

    "Help me, I think I’m dying."

    He looks up, hops off the ledge, and kneels beside me.

    "Ma’am, I’m here. What’s going on?"

    "I called 911, but I don’t hear any sirens."

    "Don’t worry," he assures me. "I hear them. They’re coming."

    I strain to hear and struggle against the weight that’s making me feel like stretching out on the wet pavement. To hell with the pedestrians! So what if they have to step around me!

    He puts his arm around my shoulders, holding me close. Finally I can hear the sirens through the rain and traffic and pedestrian noise. Closer and closer. He then pulls away, gently propping me against my suitcase.

    "They’re across the street," he announces. He jumps up, racing toward the blur of flashing lights. I crumble sideways, stretching out on the wet sidewalk.

    Moments later he is beside me, carefully lifting me so I’m sitting again. "They’re here," he assures me. I can vaguely make out two EMTs, dragging their gurney, heading toward us. One of them guides me onto the gurney. He attaches an oxygen mask over my nose and mouth. As I focus on sucking in one breath after another, I can feel the young man moving around, making sure the EMTs have not only me, but also my suitcase and the bag of apples. Then he is gone.

    I’m still here, still here and beginning to breathe more easily, even though my body is not the body I’ve trusted for so many years.

    Over the past 46 years, Naneen Karraker honed her writing skills by passionately arguing for reducing overreliance on incarcerating people in the United States through letters to the editor, op-ed pieces, pamphlets, grant applications, and speeches. She and her late husband, a criminal defense attorney, raised two sons in Berkeley.

    Editor’s Note: This story appears in the July edition of our sister publication, The East Bay Monthly.

    This page requires javascript. It seems that your browser does not have Javascript enabled. Please enable Javascript and press the Reload/Refresh button on your browser.

    Add your comment:

    Edit Module Show Tags

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    East Bay Distillers Featured in CA Whiskey Week

    Thursday’s Briefing: Hurricane Michael Lashes Florida; El Niño Grows in Pacific

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    Big savings on local dining & more.

    Edit Module Show Tags

    40 Percent Off at Kouzina

    Edit Module Show Tags

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    Slideshows

    Hoedown at the O’ Club

    More

    Edit Module Show Tags

    Edit Module Show Tags

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    Webster Street Finds

    Artist Elizabeth Sher Plays With Perception

    Eyeing the Black Risk Takers of Paulson Fontaine Press

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    Building the Future

    More

    Edit Module Show Tags

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    In the Mayor’s Race, Will Oakland Become the Next Boston?

    Business & Technology
    Business & Technology

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    ★Rubric for Multi Paragraph Essay

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    showing 1 – 24 of 280 results

    Test Prep: Writing a Multi Paragraph Essay (aligned to the AIR test)

    Test Prep: Writing a Multi Paragraph Essay (aligned to the AIR test)
    avatar

    by

    JB Creations
    Provide students with a strategy for writing a multi-paragraph essay on the AIR state test! This resource is PACKED with all you need to walk students through a modeled essay writing lesson from start to finish with detailed teaching slides, tips, and strategies. Students will learn how to generat
    Subjects:
    ELA Test Prep , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th
    Types:
    Test Prep , Minilessons , Printables
    CCSS:
    RI.3.9 , RI.4.9 , RI.5.9 , W.3.1 , W.3.2 , W.3.4 , W.4.1 , W.4.2 , W.4.4 , W.5.1
    $12.50
    50 Ratings

    4.0

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    Multi-Paragraph Essay Worksheet for Low Level Writers

    Multi-Paragraph Essay Worksheet for Low Level Writers
    avatar

    by

    Speary
    This worksheet explains briefly what the different parts of an essay are (Thesis Statement, Hook, Concrete Details, Commentary…). The second part of the worksheet is for the students to use when writing their essays. The worksheet tells them what to put into each section of the essay sentence by
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing-Expository
    Grades:
    7th , 8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th
    Types:
    Worksheets , Handouts
    $2.00
    $1.00
    8 Ratings

    4.0

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    DOC ( 25.5 KB )

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    Writing Handout: The Multi-Paragraph Essay and Thesis Statements

    Writing Handout: The Multi-Paragraph Essay and Thesis Statements
    avatar

    by

    The Sentence Teacher
    This is a two-page writing handout that focuses on:

    1. The basic multi-paragraph essay structure (introduction, body, conclusion)
    2. Essay writing terminology (hook, topic sentence, clincher, etc.)
    3. What a thesis statement is NOT
    4. Qualities of an effective thesis statement

    This handout can be

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing
    Grades:
    6th , 7th , 8th , 9th
    Types:
    Handouts
    $7.99
    7 Ratings

    4.0

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    Multi Paragraph Essay Writing Format with Visual Support

    Multi Paragraph Essay Writing Format with Visual Support
    avatar

    by

    A Fresh Breath
    Writing a multi-paragraph essay can be difficult for students to do. This format gives students support in writing an essay that contains an introduction paragraph, 3 supporting paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. This format is simple to use, giving students a label and space to put each type o
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    4th , 5th , 6th , 7th , 8th
    Types:
    Handouts , Printables , Graphic Organizers
    $1.00
    1 Rating

    4.0

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    To Kill A Mockingbird: Write A Multi-Paragraph Essay on Two Themes

    To Kill A Mockingbird: Write A Multi-Paragraph Essay on Two Themes
    avatar

    by

    Bullseye Education
    This document contains one prompt for the production of a multi-paragraph essay related to a student’s choice of two themes from the novel. This prompt can be used for an in-class assignment or be modified for take-home use.

    Below are instructions for writing a multi-paragraph essay.

    Your task fo

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Literature , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    9th , 10th , 11th , 12th , Higher Education , Adult Education , Homeschool
    Types:
    Lesson Plans (Individual) , Activities , Novel Study
    $2.00
    not yet rated

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    DOC ( 27 KB )

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    Multi-paragraph Essay “Herculean Tasks”

    Multi-paragraph Essay “Herculean Tasks”
    avatar

    by

    Days of Yore
    This assignment provides the students an opportunity to write a multi-paragraph essay in Social Studies in which they use text evidence to support their ideas. Attached are a grid with instructions to write a 4 paragraph essay along with text evidence article about the labors of Hercules.
    Subjects:
    World History , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    7th , 8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , Homeschool
    Types:
    Activities , Handouts , Graphic Organizers
    $5.00
    not yet rated

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    Multi Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer

    Multi Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer
    avatar

    by

    LCMJ LCMJ
    Multi Paragraph Essay (Third Grade Experience)
    Subjects:
    Writing-Expository , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th
    Types:
    Graphic Organizers
    $2.00
    1 Rating

    4.0

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    DOCX ( 14.67 KB )

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    Multi Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer

    Multi Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer
    avatar

    by

    LCMJ LCMJ
    Multi Paragraph Essay/Report (on the Writing Process)
    Subjects:
    Writing-Expository , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th
    Types:
    Graphic Organizers
    $2.00
    not yet rated

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    DOCX ( 15.78 KB )

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    Five 5 Paragraph Essay Organizer and Outline

    Five 5 Paragraph Essay Organizer and Outline
    avatar

    by

    Amanda Rick
    This is a printable two-part graphic organizer for the standard five paragraph essay. It can be used for a basic topic, an essay on a novel or nonfiction text, an opinion or persuasive essay, etc.

    Parents and students have raved to me about the ease of this layout and format – a helpful transition

    Subjects:
    Writing-Expository , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th , 6th , 7th , 8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th , Homeschool
    Types:
    Minilessons , Printables , Graphic Organizers
    $3.00
    13 Ratings

    3.9

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    PDF ( 355.37 KB )

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    Web Cluster and Prewriting PowerPoint: THE 5-PARAGRAPH ESSAY Planning

    Web Cluster and Prewriting PowerPoint: THE 5-PARAGRAPH ESSAY Planning
    avatar

    by

    PowerPoint Guru
    This PowerPoint helps student with the entire scope of a 5-paragraph response. The main focus of the PowerPoint, however, is a building an outline and using a web cluster. The theme of the PowerPoint is connected to Spiderman's webs to build engagement with students whom you might traditionally ha
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing-Expository , ELA Test Prep
    Grades:
    4th , 5th , 6th , 7th , 8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th , Higher Education , Adult Education , Homeschool
    Types:
    Lectures , PowerPoint Presentations , Fun Stuff

    Also included in:  Freshman English: A Semester

    $3.00
    $2.75
    43 Ratings

    3.9

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    PPT ( 9.95 MB )

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    Personal Narrative Writing Process - Multi Paragraph

    Personal Narrative Writing Process – Multi Paragraph
    avatar

    by

    Becky Brumm
    Modeled after the Write From the Beginning writing process, this presentation walks writers through the process of creating a multi-paragraph writing piece STEP-BY-STEP! Starting off with a Circle Map, transferring ideas onto a Flow Map, Revising throughout, and Composing a Rough Draft. The Notebook
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th , 6th , 7th , 8th
    Types:
    Interactive Whiteboard
    $4.00
    $3.00
    4 Ratings

    3.9

    Digital Download

    NOTEBOOK ( 296.14 KB )

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    Multi-paragraph Graphic Organizer

    Multi-paragraph Graphic Organizer
    avatar

    by

    Markers and Minions
    This is a basic graphic organizer to help your students organize their writing into five paragraphs. There are three versions.
    – The first version has each box labeled: introduction, body paragraph 1, body paragraph 2, body paragraph 3, and closing.
    – The second version has each box labeled: intro
    Subjects:
    Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th , 6th
    Types:
    Graphic Organizers
    $1.00
    23 Ratings

    4.0

    Digital Download

    PDF ( 324.89 KB )

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    A Tree Is Growing by Arthur Dorros: Multi-Paragraph Expository Writing Lesson

    A Tree Is Growing by Arthur Dorros: Multi-Paragraph Expository Writing Lesson
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    by

    For The Birds In Third
    This is a guided writing lesson for multi-paragraph expository writing connected to text. After reading A Tree is Growing, students sort and categorize pre-written details on a large piece of construction paper. In a subsequent lesson, students use their organized details to compose a five paragra
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing-Expository , Informational Text
    Grades:
    3rd
    Types:
    Lesson Plans (Individual) , Graphic Organizers
    $1.00
    8 Ratings

    4.0

    Digital Download

    ZIP ( 12.59 MB )

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    Multi-paragraph Writing Made Easy

    Multi-paragraph Writing Made Easy
    avatar

    by

    Alisha Adkins
    If your students can write a single paragraph, they can write a multi-paragraph essay. This 12 page mini-unit guides students through the writing process while demonstrating how to expand a paragraph into a full essay.
    This material follows the "I do- we do – you do" model and scaffolds student wri
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    6th , 7th , 8th , 9th , 10th
    Types:
    Lesson Plans (Individual) , Activities , Printables
    $4.99
    2 Ratings

    3.7

    Digital Download

    DOC ( 58.5 KB )

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    Student Friendly Multi-Paragraph Response Rubric

    Student Friendly Multi-Paragraph Response Rubric
    avatar

    by

    K Zutali
    Based on rubrics used to score AIR multi-paragraph responses at the 6th, 7th, and 8th grade levels, the rubric centers around three areas: purpose, focus, organization; evidence, elaboration; and conventions. Wording for each area of the rubric has been reduced to its simplest and most concrete form
    Subjects:
    Writing-Expository , ELA Test Prep , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    6th , 7th , 8th
    Types:
    Worksheets , Printables , Rubrics
    $1.00
    2 Ratings

    4.0

    Digital Download

    PDF ( 748.37 KB )

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    Writing Rubrics for Simple Sentence, Single Paragraph, and Multi-Paragraph

    Writing Rubrics for Simple Sentence, Single Paragraph, and Multi-Paragraph
    avatar

    by

    Dominique – ABC's and IEP's
    Included are 3 separate rubrics you can easily use to monitor your students writing!

    LEVEL ONE: Single Sentence
    LEVEL TWO: Single Paragraph
    LEVEL THREE: Multi-Paragraph Essay

    Use these for IEP goal progress, grading, OR both!

    You can use this in the special education classroom or general educat

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Special Education , Writing
    Grades:
    Not Grade Specific
    Types:
    Handouts , Assessment , Rubrics
    $1.00
    1 Rating

    4.0

    Digital Download

    PDF ( 43.9 KB )

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    Journal Prompt Multi Paragraph Graphic Organizer

    Journal Prompt Multi Paragraph Graphic Organizer
    avatar

    by

    Katie Reeves
    This graphic organizer works well for higher level students that understand how to write a paragraph. It allows the students to choose topic sentences, one per paragraph, and 4 details to go with each. I taught my students how to use this graphic organizer by modeling it for them once. Some students
    Subjects:
    Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    4th , 5th , 6th , 7th
    Types:
    Graphic Organizers
    $1.00
    1 Rating

    4.0

    Digital Download

    PDF ( 87.29 KB )

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    Analytical Five-Paragraph Essay : 13 Smart Notebook Files. OVER 100 SLIDES! #ed

    Analytical Five-Paragraph Essay : 13 Smart Notebook Files. OVER 100 SLIDES! #ed
    avatar

    by

    GeekedOutTeacher
    Don't have SMART Notebook? These files can be opened with SMART Notebook Express http://express.smarttech.com/#

    This bundle includes the following 13 Smart Notebook presentations to help walk your students through the writing process for a five paragraph essay:

    Writing the Thesis Statement
    Writin

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th
    Types:
    Lectures , Lesson Plans (Bundled) , Interactive Whiteboard
    $20.00
    $10.00
    not yet rated

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    Romeo and Juliet One Paragraph Essay Test

    Romeo and Juliet One Paragraph Essay Test
    avatar

    by

    Carpe Librum
    This is the essay test I use at the end of my Romeo and Juliet unit. My students choose two of the five topics to write a one paragraph, literary analysis essay over (these guidelines can be adapted at the teacher's discretion: one topic can be made into a multi-paragraph essay, for example).

    The

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Literature , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    8th , 9th , 10th , 11th , 12th
    Types:
    Assessment
    $1.99
    not yet rated

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    Paragraph Writing Practice

    Paragraph Writing Practice
    avatar

    by

    The Owl Teacher
    Common Core wants students to write multiple paragraphs but before they can do that, they need to be able to write just one paragraph. This resource scaffolds your students through everything they need to start writing a paragraph! See the preview for details!This resource begins with your students
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing , Tools for Common Core
    Grades:
    2nd , 3rd , 4th , 5th
    Types:
    Activities , Test Prep , Printables
    $3.25
    79 Ratings

    4.0

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    The Three Little Pigs vs. Mr. A. Wolf (Opinion Writing Unit)

    The Three Little Pigs vs. Mr. A. Wolf (Opinion Writing Unit)
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    by

    Markers and Minions
    In this three-week long writing unit, students will formulate an argument and effectively use evidence to support their reasoning. This experience gives them the opportunity to practice these important skills using familiar and entertaining texts.

    Your students will learn to:
    – take a writing piece

    Subjects:
    Reading , Writing-Essays , Close Reading
    Grades:
    3rd , 4th , 5th
    Types:
    Projects , Lesson Plans (Bundled) , Thematic Unit Plans
    CCSS:
    W.3.1a , W.3.1b , W.3.1c , W.3.1d

    Also included in:  All PBL, Research, and Writing Units! (Benchmark Advance)

    $10.00
    32 Ratings

    4.0

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    Writing with the Hamburger Model

    Writing with the Hamburger Model
    avatar

    by

    Deb Hanson
    Writing with the Hamburger Model PowerPoint: This resource contains a 40-slide PowerPoint plus handouts. The first half of the PowerPoint focuses on how to use a hamburger planner to write a well-organized paragraph. The second half of the PowerPoint focuses on how to write a multiple paragraph essa
    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , ELA Test Prep , Writing
    Grades:
    2nd , 3rd , 4th , Homeschool
    Types:
    PowerPoint Presentations , Activities , Minilessons
    CCSS:
    CCRA.W.2
    $4.00
    173 Ratings

    4.0

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    Basic Five-Paragraph Essay Kit

    Basic Five-Paragraph Essay Kit
    avatar

    by

    Leo's Lit Parlor – Equipping ELA Excellence
    Greetings!

    If you’ve ever wanted an easy way to teach students how to write a simple five-paragraph essay, this kit is for you!

    Students struggle mightily when structuring their arguments, and this package keeps things simple for students of ALL ages. For just $20, you can provide a framework to

    Subjects:
    English Language Arts , Writing-Expository , Writing-Essays
    Grades:
    9th , 10th , 11th , 12th
    Types:
    Activities , Assessment , Classroom Forms
    CCSS:
    CCRA.W.1 , CCRA.W.4 , CCRA.W.5
    $20.00
    not yet rated

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    My Brother Sam is Dead CER Multi-Paragraph- Chapter 5

    My Brother Sam is Dead CER Multi-Paragraph- Chapter 5
    avatar

    by

    Alexa Nemeth
    CER writing format for Chapter 5 of my My Brother Sam is Dead novel for a multi paragraph essay.
    Subjects:
    Special Education , Writing
    Grades:
    4th , 5th , 6th
    Types:
    Worksheets
    $1.50
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    Multi-Paragraph Essay Review

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    Waianae English

    on 29 October 2013

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    Transcript of Multi-Paragraph Essay Review

    Multi-Paragraph Essay Review
    Step 1: The Introduction
    A basic introduction contains three sentences. They are called the hook, background information, and the thesis.
    The Thesis
    The thesis can be written as a formula:
    [Topic + verb + opinion] + "because" + List (subtopic 1 + subtopic 2 + subtopic 3)
    Step 2: Body Paragraphs
    Body paragraphs follow the "Write Tools" outline. You know:
    1) Topic Sentence
    2) Big idea
    3) Tell me more (detail)
    4) Tell me more (detail)
    5) repeat steps 2-4
    6) repeat steps 2-4
    7) conclusion/transition
    Step 3: Conclusion
    A basic conclusion has two sentences:
    1) Synthesized thesis
    2) "So what?" or "What’s next?"
    Step 4: Draft, Peer review, revise, and publish
    This last step is just a continuation of the writing cycle.
    topic+verb+opinion
    This is called the claim. Its job in the thesis is to explain "what" a paper will talk about or explain.
    "because"+list
    This part of a thesis is called the plan. Its job is to tell the reader "how" a paper will explain the claim.
    Synthesized Thesis
    A synthesized thesis contains the main points from each of your body paragraphs. Basically, you are substituting the general statements of the list with details from your body paragraphs.
    "So what?" Game
    After reading your new synthesized thesis, ask yourself the question, "so what?" The answer to the question is your next sentence. You can also ask:
    1) What’s next?
    2) Who should care?
    3) why is this important?

    Full transcript

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      Writing a Multi-Paragraph Essay

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      Presentation on theme: “Writing a Multi-Paragraph Essay”— Presentation transcript:

      1

      Writing a Multi-Paragraph Essay
      Introduction: Ideas should go from general to specific. Paragraph should be four to five sentences including thesis statement.


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      Writing an Introduction
      Begin with something to catch the reader’s attention, i.e. “feeling” or “emotional” words or a question/ anecdote / interesting or provocative statement / famous quotation, etc.


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      Writing an Introduction
      Thesis Statement: Thesis=Answer to prompt + your opinion Must include the author & title of the book. Thesis shows your opinion about an arguable topic. Thesis should go at the end of the paragraph.


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      Example Introduction:
      Jealousy is a powerful emotion that can lead to horrible circumstances. Sometimes, people are not even aware of what they are doing when they are doing it, but their emotions take over and make them do terrible things. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, jealousy and revenge take hold of young Abigail Williams causing her to wreak havoc on an entire town. Ultimately, it is Abigail’s actions that result in the witch trials and the killing of many innocent people.


      5

      Concluding Sentence (CS)
      Terms to Know Topic Sentence (TS) This sentence is the first sentence in your paragraph and lets the reader know what the main focus of the paragraph will be. Concluding Sentence (CS) – This is the last sentence in your paragraph. Sums it up and ties back to the thesis (As a result,…)


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      Terms to Know Concrete Detail (CD)
      This is the stuff from the literature – it’s the evidence for your commentary! Plot References/Paraphrasing facts, examples from story (what happened). Direct Quote- (DQ) Include citation Use the 4-step quote method.


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      Terms to Know Commentary (CM) This is the stuff from inside your head!
      This is the answer to “so what?” Your words and explanations. May be referred to as: analysis, interpreting, opinion, inference, insight, reasons, elaboration.


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      Writing Body Paragraphs
      Sent. #1 -Topic Sentence – TS Sent. #2 – CD –starts with “For example” Sent. #3 – DQ- From the text, must be cited. Sent. #4 – 2 CM – (It also indicates…; This is because…; This is important because…This shows that) Sent, #5 – Concluding Sentence – CS – Sums it up and ties back to the thesis (As a result,…)


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      Example of Body Paragraph
      In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, Harry is a champion to many of the more insecure students at Hogwarts. For example, when Malfoy takes Neville’s Rememberall, Harry gets on a broom and gets it back. He simply cannot stand someone who picks on others. Because of this, Harry becomes a hero to those less fortunate. In other words, he has found a place where he belongs, and he becomes determined to protect the vulnerable people he has grown fond of.


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      Writing a Conclusion Like Intro., just three to five sentences
      All CM; no CD Do NOT repeat your thesis statement or introductory paragraph, RESTATE it using different words. Reflect what your essay said & provide closure, moving this time from specific to general. Try to relate your thesis to the world at large. Do NOT add any new information!


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      Quotation Verbs  When introducing a quotation, choose a verb that best reflects what you want to say with the material you have chosen to quote. The following is a list of alternatives to the word states: demonstrates objects adds defends maintains argues assumes


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      Quotation Verbs disputes remarks challenges establishes shows claims
      specifies compares feels contrasts concludes illustrates suggests stresses contends introduces questions justifies presents believes


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      Transition Words To improve your writing you need to make sure that your ideas, both in sentences and paragraphs, stick together or have coherence and that the gap between ideas is bridged smoothly. One way to do this is by using transitions – words or phrases or techniques that help bring two ideas together. Transitional words and phrases represent one way of gaining coherence.


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      Transition Words Certain words help continue an idea, indicate a shift of thought or contrast, or sum up a conclusion. Check the following list of words to find those that will pull your sentences and paragraphs together.


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      Transition Words For continuing a common line of reasoning:
      consequently clearly, then furthermore additionally and in addition moreover in the same way following this further also pursuing this further in the light of the… it is because besides that easy to see that


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      Transition Words To change the line of reasoning (contrast):
      however on the other hand but yet nevertheless on the contrary


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      Transition Words For opening a paragraph initially or for general use: admittedly assuredly certainly granted no doubt nobody denies obviously of course undoubtedly unquestionably generally speaking in general to be sure at this level in this situation


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      Transition Words To restate a point within a paragraph in another way or in a more exacting way: in other words point in fact specifically


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      Transition Words Transitional chains, to use in separating sections of a paragraph which is arranged chronologically: first… second… third… generally… furthermore… finally in the first place… also… lastly in the first place… pursuing this further… finally to be sure… additionally… lastly basically… similarly… as well


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      Transition Words To signal conclusion in a paragraph or the entire essay: Therefore Hence In final analysis In conclusion Lastly Finally


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      A Few More Tips! Do not use first person.
      State your position and then defend it with support. Describe plot elements using present tense. Avoid informal, conversational expressions that are, u know, like, well, so, lol, idk, etc.



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